After his release from Robben Island in the 1980s he returned to political organization--first through a Black Consciousness-aligned mining trade union (the Black Allied Mining and Construction Workers Union) and then later through the formal political party of AZAPO
. He served as AZAPO
's only member of parliament from 2001 to 2009.
"For the sake of our country and its people, President Zuma should summon the very last amount of conscience, if he still has any, and resign," AZAPO
said in a statement.
v President of RSA and others 1996 (4) SA 672 CC.
I didn't have dealings with the African National Congress youth league because I wasn't a member; I belonged to AZAPO
, the Azanian People's Organization, a Black Consciousness group, and proudly told my jailer so.
(118) Particularly notable is the Court's decision in AZAPO
, in which the constitutionality of the Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act 34 of 1995 (SA) (granting amnesty from both criminal prosecutions and civil claims to members of the apartheid police responsible for killing anti-apartheid activists) was challenged.
The two cases that most clearly demonstrate the process that I am talking about are, first, that of the anti-white serial killer Simon Mpungose, and second, that of the political war between the United Democratic Front (UDF) and the Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO
) in the townships near Johannesburg.
However, many of these young militants ultimately joined the ANC and the SACP Nationalist groups like the PAC and AZAPO
(Azanian People's Organization) still exist, but they enjoy minimal support and are marginal to South African politics.
This is especially so for the ANC, which is now the party of government as well as its ally the SACP, but it is also true of opposition groups such as the Pan African Congress (PAC), and the Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO
Security police also warned the family not to allow speeches by anyone representing the United Democratic Front or the Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO
)--the two main political forces operating in the black townships.
(26.) As Justice Mahomed noted in the Constitutional Court decision rejecting the argument that the TRC is unconstitutional: Under apartheid, both the "wicked and the innocent have often been victims" Azanian Peoples Organization (AZAPO
) and others v.
Side by side with articles about the revolutionary momentum in Vietnam, Nicaragua, Grenada, South Yemen, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Iran, Afghanistan and the former Portuguese colonies of Africa, were pieces taking the measure of the resistance in El Salvador, Namibia, Malawi, Sudan, the Philippines and East Timor and analysing the capacity of imperialism to renew itself and repress anew -- in Chile, El Salvador, South Africa (where Siva's `Open letter to No Sizwe' influenced the thinking of AZAPO
on race, class and caste) and in the Middle East.
felt duty bound to appoint comrades who fought with them in the struggle for democracy, regardless of their skills or qualifications.'(124) The promotion of teachers in Guateng or the award of a contract by director general of the Education Department to an old AZAPO
associate might be cases in point.