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1. A member of a people of central Mexico whose civilization was at its height at the time of the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century.
2. The Nahuatl language of the Aztecs.
adj. also Az·tec·an (-tĕk′ən)
Of or relating to the Aztecs or their language, culture, or empire.
[Spanish Azteca, from Nahuatl Aztecatl, one who comes from the place of the cranes : áztatl, crane + -técatl, suff.]
1. (Peoples) a member of a Mexican Indian people who established a great empire, centred on the valley of Mexico, that was overthrown by Cortés and his followers in the early 16th century
2. (Languages) the language of the Aztecs. See also Nahuatl
3. (Languages) of, relating to, or characteristic of the Aztecs, their civilization, or their language
4. (Peoples) of, relating to, or characteristic of the Aztecs, their civilization, or their language
[C18: from Spanish Azteca, from Nahuatl Aztecatl, from Aztlan, their traditional place of origin, literally: near the cranes, from azta cranes + tlan near]
1. a member of a Nahuatl-speaking ethnic group that ruled much of central and S Mexico prior to the Spanish conquest in 1521.
2. any Nahuatl-speaking Indian of the Valley of Mexico in the period prior to and immediately following the Spanish conquest.
4. of or pertaining to the Aztecs or the culture of central Mexico during the period of Aztec dominance.
1. AD 1325–1521 Invading Aztec tribes ended the ruling Toltec power and in 1325 founded Tenochtitlán (now Mexico City). Aztecs were Indians rich with gold and silver, and medicinal skills. They composed poetry and music. Their state was militaristic, with a large, well-equipped army. Human sacrifice was the basis for faith according to Aztec religion. Between 1519 and 1521 Hernando Cortés and 400 Spanish troops invaded and defeated this Central American civilization.
2. A member of a people who ruled an empire in central Mexico and were overthrown by Spanish conquistadors under Cortès in the 16th century.