B cell

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B cell

n.
Any of a class of lymphocytes that, when activated by a specific antigen and usually also by helper T cells, proliferate and differentiate into antibody-secreting plasma cells or memory cells. In mammals, B cells mature in the bone marrow. Also called B lymphocyte.

[b(ursa-dependent) cell, after the bursa of Fabricius, a gland in birds where the cells mature and the first such tissue found in vertebrates.]

B cell


n.
1. Also called B lymphocyte. a type of white blood cell that circulates in the blood and lymph and produces antibody upon encountering any antigen that has a molecular arrangement complementary to the antibody.
[1970–75]

B cell

Any of the lymphocytes that develop into plasma cells in the presence of a specific antigen, such as a bacterium or virus. The plasma cells then produce antibodies that attack or neutralize the antigen. B cells mature in the bone marrow before being released into the blood. See Note at antibody.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.B cell - a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunityB cell - a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunity; it recognizes free antigen molecules in solution and matures into plasma cells that secrete immunoglobulin (antibodies) that inactivate the antigens
lymph cell, lymphocyte - an agranulocytic leukocyte that normally makes up a quarter of the white blood cell count but increases in the presence of infection
References in periodicals archive ?
The evaluation of the proportion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, macrophages, T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes, as well the relative proportion of neovascularization in skin tissue specimens, was determined by quantitative image analysis (22).
Humoral: part of the immune response that involves antibodies secreted by B lymphocytes (see below) and circulating in body fluids such as blood or lymph.
These T lymphocytes activate and release messenger substances (cytokines) that increase the immune response and stimulate the production of antibodies by B lymphocytes.