B-lymphocyte


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B lymphocyte

also B-lym·pho·cyte  (bē′lĭm′fə-sīt′)
n.
See B cell.

B-lymphocyte

n
(Biochemistry) a type of lymphocyte, originating in bone marrow, that produces antibodies. Also called: B-cell See also T-lymphocyte
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GSK today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved, under priority review, the use of the intravenous (IV) formulation of Benlysta (belimumab), a B-lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS)-specific inhibitor, in children with lupus from as young as five years of age.
Multiple myeloma is a heterogeneous group of malignant clonal B-lymphocyte neoplasms of terminally differentiated bone marrow plasma cells.
The mechanisms include depression of genetic material, transformation of progenitor cell before its full diversity of B-lymphocyte pathway, and a neoplastic expansion of normal B cells that describe T-cell antigens.
CD22 is a B-lymphocyte restricted transmembrane protein with a higher receptor density in HCL cells relative to normal B cells, making it an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of this cancer.
These include 1) the B-lymphocyte, which stimulates B-cells to produce antibodies and helps alert T-lymphocytes; and 2) the T-lymphocyte, which stimulates T-cells to destroy compromised cells in the body and helps alert other leukocytes to start attacking.
In addition, B-lymphocyte stimulator has the potential to exacerbate the disease by activating other cells through tumor necrosis factor and numerous other mediator secretions.
These neoplasm arise when a cell of B-lymphocyte plasma cell lineage proliferates to form a malignant population of similar cells.
Filleron et al., "Human solid tumors contain high endothelial venules: association with T- and B-lymphocyte infiltration and favorable prognosis in breast cancer," Cancer Research, vol.
This is an extremely uncommon finding, as the tropism of EBV for B-lymphocyte has been associated with B-cells cancers, including Burkitt, Hodgkin, and diffuse large cell lymphomas [14,15]; conversely EBV-positive T-cell lymphoma is exceedingly uncommon in western populations and has been attributed either to a possible antiapoptotic action exerted by the viral DNA hosted in the infected T-cells and/or to signals transmitted by some viral proteins such as Latent Membrane Protein 1 causing the continuous stimulation of members of the TNF receptors [2,16].
When SAP is bound to the cytosolic SLAM, it is thought to enhance T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation, CD8+ T cell activation by antigen-presenting B cells, T-lymphocyte cytokine secretion, and B-lymphocyte antibody production [2, 3].
These facts also support the hypothesis that CVID-associated B-lymphocyte defects and hypogammaglobulinemia give rise to decrease of sex hormone-binding globulin and sex hormone receptor; consequently, sex hormone cannot effectively promote the periodical change of endometrium [Figure 1].{Figure 1}