B cell(redirected from B-lymphocyte subsets)
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Any of a class of lymphocytes that, when activated by a specific antigen and usually also by helper T cells, proliferate and differentiate into antibody-secreting plasma cells or memory cells. In mammals, B cells mature in the bone marrow. Also called B lymphocyte.
[b(ursa-dependent) cell, after the bursa of Fabricius, a gland in birds where the cells mature and the first such tissue found in vertebrates.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. Also called B lymphocyte. a type of white blood cell that circulates in the blood and lymph and produces antibody upon encountering any antigen that has a molecular arrangement complementary to the antibody.
2. beta cell.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Any of the lymphocytes that develop into plasma cells in the presence of a specific antigen, such as a bacterium or virus. The plasma cells then produce antibodies that attack or neutralize the antigen. B cells mature in the bone marrow before being released into the blood. See Note at antibody.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||B cell - a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunity; it recognizes free antigen molecules in solution and matures into plasma cells that secrete immunoglobulin (antibodies) that inactivate the antigens|
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