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A 19th-century religious movement arising out of Shiism that asserted a new revelation and a new law, claiming to supersede Islamic law and demanding extensive social reforms. One of its followers founded the Baha'i faith in 1863.

[After the Bab.]


(Other Non-Christian Religions) a pantheistic Persian religious sect, founded in 1844 by the Bab, forbidding polygamy, concubinage, begging, trading in slaves, and indulgence in alcohol and drugs. Compare Baha'í Faith

Babism, Babiism

the doctrines and practices of a 19th-century Persian sect that formed the basis for the current Baha’i organization, regarded as heretical by orthodox Muslims because its leader proclaimed himself to be the Imam Mahdi, the expected twelfth Imam of the Shiite sect, who would establish justice on earth. — Babist, n.
See also: Islam
References in periodicals archive ?
Baha'u'llah claimed to be the prophetic fulfilment of Babism, a 19th-century outgrowth of Shaykhism, and, in a broader sense to be a Manifestation of God.
The messiah of Shiraz; studies in early and middle Babism.
3-6," 2 May 2006; Command Headquarters of the Armed Forces, "Identification of Individuals of the Misguided Sects of Bahaism and Babism," Letter, 29 October 2005; Iranian Ministry of the Interior, Letter to Governors' General of the Country, http://Bahai.