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A 19th-century religious movement arising out of Shiism that asserted a new revelation and a new law, claiming to supersede Islamic law and demanding extensive social reforms. One of its followers founded the Baha'i faith in 1863.

[After the Bab.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Other Non-Christian Religions) a pantheistic Persian religious sect, founded in 1844 by the Bab, forbidding polygamy, concubinage, begging, trading in slaves, and indulgence in alcohol and drugs. Compare Baha'í Faith
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Babism, Babiism

the doctrines and practices of a 19th-century Persian sect that formed the basis for the current Baha’i organization, regarded as heretical by orthodox Muslims because its leader proclaimed himself to be the Imam Mahdi, the expected twelfth Imam of the Shiite sect, who would establish justice on earth. — Babist, n.
See also: Islam
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Baha'u'llah claimed to be the prophetic fulfilment of Babism, a 19th-century outgrowth of Shaykhism, and, in a broader sense to be a Manifestation of God.
The messiah of Shiraz; studies in early and middle Babism.
(18) Trades, Production and Technical Services Society of Kermanshah, "Letter to the Union of Battery Manufacturers, 3.3-6," 2 May 2006; Command Headquarters of the Armed Forces, "Identification of Individuals of the Misguided Sects of Bahaism and Babism," Letter, 29 October 2005; Iranian Ministry of the Interior, Letter to Governors' General of the Country,
Its founder, Baha'u'llah (1817-1892), followed the Shi'ite sect known as Babism. In 1852, while in prison in Persia (now Iran), Baha'u'llah received a vision about God's plan for humanity, For the next 40 years, he wrote a body of scriptures that form the core of what is now the Baha'i faith.
Present High Priest [of] this New Oriental Cult." (48) The North American, in 1902, marveled at the "Astonishing Spread of Babism," and the conversion of hundreds to "Abbas Effendi in Baltimore." (49) Early twentieth-century Americans thus viewed the Baha'i faith as a strange Eastern cult, an image which would only be overcome after a century's worth of effort.