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Bab·y·lon 1

 (băb′ə-lən, -lŏn′)
The capital of ancient Babylonia in Mesopotamia on the Euphrates River. Established as capital c. 1750 bc and rebuilt in regal splendor by Nebuchadnezzar II after its destruction (c. 689 bc) by the Assyrians, Babylon was the site of the Hanging Gardens, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Bab·y·lon 2

 (băb′ə-lən, -lŏn′)
1. A city or place of great luxury, sensuality, and often vice and corruption.
2. A place of captivity or exile.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Placename) the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia: first settled around 3000 bc. See also Hanging Gardens of Babylon
2. (Protestantism) offensive (in Protestant polemic) the Roman Catholic Church, regarded as the seat of luxury and corruption
3. (Sociology) derogatory any society or group in a society considered as corrupt or as a place of exile by another society or group, esp White Britain as viewed by some West Indians
[via Latin and Greek from Hebrew Bābhél; see Babel]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈbæb ə lən, -ˌlɒn)

1. an ancient city in SW Asia, on the Euphrates River: capital of Babylonia and later of the Chaldean empire.
2. any city regarded as a place of excessive luxury and wickedness.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of BabyloniaBabylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Hanging Gardens of Babylon - a terraced garden at Babylon watered by pumps from the Euphrates; construction attributed to Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC
Babel, Tower of Babel - (Genesis 11:1-11) a tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another
Babylonian - the ideographic and syllabic writing system in which the ancient Babylonian language was written
Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
Adad - Babylonian god of storms and wind
Adapa - a Babylonian demigod or first man (sometimes identified with Adam)
Anshar - the Babylonian father of the gods; identified with Assyrian Ashur; in Sumerian the name signifies `the totality of the upper world'
Antum - Babylonian consort of Anu
Anu - Babylonian god of the sky; one of the supreme triad including Bel and Ea
Anunnaki, Enuki - any of a group of powerful Babylonian earth spirits or genii; servitors of the gods
Ishtar, Mylitta - Babylonian and Assyrian goddess of love and fertility and war; counterpart to the Phoenician Astarte
Bel - Babylonian god of the earth; one of the supreme triad including Anu and Ea; earlier identified with En-lil
Damgalnunna, Damkina - (Babylonian) earth goddess; consort of Ea and mother of Marduk
Girru - the Babylonian god of fire; often invoked in incantations against sorcery
Gula - the Babylonian goddess of healing and consort of Ninurta
Kishar - Babylonian consort of Anshar; in Sumerian the name signifies `the totality of the lower world'
Baal Merodach, Bel-Merodach, Marduk, Merodach - the chief Babylonian god; his consort was Sarpanitu
Nabu, Nebo - Babylonian god of wisdom and agriculture and patron of scribes and schools
Nina - the Babylonian goddess of the watery deep and daughter of Ea
Ningirsu - Babylonian god in older pantheon: god of war and agriculture
Ningishzida - an underworld Babylonian deity; patron of medicine
Ninib, Ninurta - a solar deity; firstborn of Bel and consort was Gula; god of war and the chase and agriculture; sometimes identified with biblical Nimrod
Sarpanitu, Zarpanit, Zirbanit - consort of Marduk
Shamash - the chief sun god; drives away winter and storms and brightens the earth with greenery; drives away evil and brings justice and compassion
Tashmit, Tashmitum - consort of Nabu
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈbæbɪlən] N Babylonia [ˌbæbɪˈləʊnɪə] NBabilonia f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


nBabylon nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈbæbɪlən] nBabilonia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
So you've come back to our corrupt Babylon," she said, giving him her tiny, yellow hand, and recalling what he had chanced to say early in the winter, that Moscow was a Babylon.
My lord proposed to erect a miniature Babylon amid similar pleasant surroundings, a little dream-city by the sea, a home for the innocent pleasure-seeker stifled by the puritanism of the great towns, refugium peccatorum in this island of the saints.
for it does not depend upon the walls; for I can suppose Peloponnesus itself surrounded with a wall, as Babylon was, and every other place, which rather encircles many nations than one city, and that they say was taken three days when some of the inhabitants knew nothing of it: but we shall find a proper time to determine this question; for the extent of a city, how large it should be, and whether it should consist of more than one people, these are particulars that the politician should by no means be unacquainted with.
"Hello, King o' Babylon," was Van Horn's greeting, for so he had named him because of fancied Semitic resemblance blended with the crude power that marked his visage and informed his bearing.
She would be able to look at them, and think not only that d'Urberville, like Babylon, had fallen, but that the individual innocence of a humble descendant could lapse as silently.
'How many miles to Babylon? Three-score miles and ten.
The scarlet woman and she of Babylon flaunted their vileness there; the cities of the plain were not more wicked.
To have been Belshazzar, King of Babylon; and to have been Belshazzar, not haughtily but courteously, therein certainly must have been some touch of mundane grandeur.
You are young and rich -- leave Paris -- all is soon forgotten in this great Babylon of excitement and changing tastes.
Besides all this, he had read his Bible, including the apocryphal books; Poor Richard's Almanac, Taylor's Holy Living and Dying, The Pilgrim's Progress, with Bunyan's Life and Holy War, a great deal of Bailey's Dictionary, Valentine and Orson, and part of a History of Babylon, which Bartle Massey had lent him.
Yet with his sweet and refined home atmosphere he is able to realize his wish, and to keep himself free from the sordid aims and base ambitions which drag down the man whose business lies too exclusively in the money market of the vast Babylon. As he goes back every evening from the crowds of Throgmorton Street to the tree-lined peaceful avenues of Norwood, so he has found it possible in spirit also to do one's duties amidst the babel of the City, and yet to live beyond it.
She had long ousted London from her pride of place as the modern Babylon, she was the centre of the world's finance, the world's trade, and the world's pleasure; and men likened her to the apocalyptic cities of the ancient prophets.