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 (băb′ə-lō′nē-ə, -lōn′yə)
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 bc and fell to the Persians in 539.


(Placename) the southern kingdom of ancient Mesopotamia: a great empire from about 2200–538 bc, when it was conquered by the Persians


(ˌbæb əˈloʊ ni ə, -ˈloʊn yə)

any of a succession of states, having Babylon as their principal city, that existed in S Mesopotamia between c1900 b.c. and 539 b.c.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Babylonia - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
battle of Cunaxa, Cunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
References in classic literature ?
For now with respect to the number just spoken of, it must be acknowledged that he would want the country of Babylonia for them, or some one like it, of an immeasurable extent, to support five thousand idle persons, besides a much greater number of women and servants.
Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine.
The earliest existing map was sketched on a clay tablet in Babylonia (now part of Iraq) before 2000 B.
A structure erected after the Flood by the descendents of Noah when they reached Babylonia.
Stol finds that the richest sources of the ancient Near East are found in Babylonia, Mesopotamia, upon which he concentrates, as he presents the first comprehensive treatment of women in ancient Babylonia and in Mesopotamia.
How this clan of Roman Catholic Hispanos became carriers of this mutation is the subject of a new book by Jeff Wheelwright: The Wandering Gene and the Indian Princess: Race, Religion, and DNA tells Medina's tragic tale as well as the story of how one specific genetic marker could have made its way from Ancient Babylonia to the contemporary American southwest.
First he explores letter writing as it was practiced in all the major kingdoms of the ancient Near East: Egypt, Syro-Palestine, Anatolia, Assyria, and Babylonia.
Archaeological Perspectives," and 5) "Exiles and Foreigners in Egypt and Babylonia.
Among the topics are a first-century Jewish recycling economy, rabbis in incantation bowls, the material world of Babylonia as seen from Roman Palestine, substance and fruit in the Sasanian law of property and the Babylonian Talmud, and loanwords in Jewish Babylonian Aramaic.
Ten chapters survey the empires of Egypt, Rome, Babylonia, Persia, India, and China (the Americas are not included) between 1600 b.