Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (băb′ə-lō′nē-ə, -lōn′yə)
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 bc and fell to the Persians in 539.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) the southern kingdom of ancient Mesopotamia: a great empire from about 2200–538 bc, when it was conquered by the Persians
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌbæb əˈloʊ ni ə, -ˈloʊn yə)

any of a succession of states, having Babylon as their principal city, that existed in S Mesopotamia between c1900 b.c. and 539 b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Babylonia - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
battle of Cunaxa, Cunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
For now with respect to the number just spoken of, it must be acknowledged that he would want the country of Babylonia for them, or some one like it, of an immeasurable extent, to support five thousand idle persons, besides a much greater number of women and servants.
With the exception of a few examples from the empire at home (a look at cults of eastern immigrants in Rome, or jewels from a tomb in Italy), the exhibition covers a vast geographic arc, starting in south-western Arabia, jumping to modern Jordan, skipping to Judea and Phoenicia, then proceeding eastwards to Baalbek in the Beqaa valley, the two extraordinary Syrian sites of Palmyra and Dura-Europos, then Hatra in northern Iraq, and finally Mesopotamia (Babylonia, Ctesiphon), stopping on the edges of Iran.
Was it the same for our ancestors in ancient Babylonia?
Nesselrath, taking apart his thesis in three ways: First he accuses Nesselrath of ignoring recent research on Babylonia under the Persian empire, especially that based on cuneiform sources, which seem to show a prosperous Babylonia rather than one in general decline that began under the Teispids (a view which Nesselrath assumes from one sentence in Berossus).
It is not just the Code of Hammurabi and the legendary Hanging Garden built by King Nebuchadnezzar for his wife that the empire Babylonia should be remembered though.
In 586 BCE, Babylonia conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the Hebrew temple and scattered many of the city's Jews into exile, including in Babylon.
He died in Babylonia, the present day Iraq, in 323 B.C.
The group is looking at interesting archaeological artefacts of the past, such as: the Alfred Jewel, Babylonia battery and King John's Treasure.
"It was like hitting the jackpot," said Filip Vukosavovic, an expert in ancient Babylonia, Sumeria and Assyria who curated the exhibition at the Bible Lands Museum.
Among his topics are professional and lay Old Babylonia prophets, the prophetic message, other aspects of Neo-Assyrian prophecy, the messengers in the Hebrew Bible, and a comparison of prophecy in the three traditions.
Other "useless" interpretations: Emily King's multi-venue "Sidelines" exhibit, an examination of seemingly valueless collections (sticks, album covers, magazines, and nail polish), and Joseph Grima's "Utilitas Interruptus," which explores the fall of once-significant structures from Babylonia to the 21st century.