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 (băb′ə-lō′nē-ə, -lōn′yə)
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 bc and fell to the Persians in 539.


(Placename) the southern kingdom of ancient Mesopotamia: a great empire from about 2200–538 bc, when it was conquered by the Persians


(ˌbæb əˈloʊ ni ə, -ˈloʊn yə)

any of a succession of states, having Babylon as their principal city, that existed in S Mesopotamia between c1900 b.c. and 539 b.c.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Babylonia - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
battle of Cunaxa, Cunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
References in periodicals archive ?
Hammurabi was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Empire.
The Mandaens are the last remnants of the Babylonian empire despite their reverence for the distinctly more modern John the Baptist, the Druze are seen as the descendants of Pythagarous, the Yazidi are linked with the sun-worshipping cult of Mithras who brought the hand-shake to the Roman Empire, the Zoroastrian ideas about the struggle between good and evil is shown as the originators of what we would call Heaven and Hell.
Readers should approach the book of Ezekiel as trauma literature, says Lyons, because it was written for people who had undergone forced deportation to another land, whose city and temple had been destroyed by the Babylonian empire, and whose religious and political institutions had come to a devastating end.
2) His "historic mission is to put an end to the Babylonian Empire (43:14; 48:14-15), liberate prisoners and deportees, especially the descendants of Judeans who were deported by the Babylonians (42:6-7; 43:5-7; 45:13), restore Jerusalem to its former state, and rebuild its temple, and the cities of Judah devastated during the Babylonian conquest (44:26-28, 45:13).
MARDyN (CyHAN)- Excavation work at the ancient city of Dara in Mardin province, also known as "the Ephesus of southeastern Turkey," is set to begin its next stage and is expected to reveal ruins of the Babylonian Empire and the Persian Empire and experts say that a complete excavation of the site will take 100 years.
One of the many strengths of the book is its insistence that Judah's sin was not the only cause of its demise, but one also has to calculate in political mistakes made by Judean leadership and the greed and brutal policies of the Babylonian empire itself.
The gift annuity is an ancient financial tool that goes back to the Babylonian Empire.
In 605 BC, the Babylonian empire captured Jerusalem.
though it wasn't until he was in Bratislava that Ignac found out that Lily had committed suicide, that almost everyone who had heard his play was now having problems, that Lily's father had cut off his ear and sent it to a high-ranking bureaucrat in the Party, but Ignac explained the ear thing to himself by saying that of course he had written a play about an ear, a royal ear that could hear the entire Babylonian Empire, and [.
Beginning with a historical backdrop of the Persian Empire in Jewish history, the author informs us that after the conquest of the Babylonian empire by the kings of Persia and Media, life improved dramatically for the Jews as their new Persian rulers permitted them to return to their land and to "rebuild the Beis HaMikdash and the wall around Jerusalem.
He became the first king of the Babylonian Empire following the abdication of his father, Sin-Muballit, extending Babylon's control over Mesopotamia by winning a series of wars against neighbouring kingdoms.