bacteria

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bac·te·ri·a

 (băk-tîr′ē-ə)
n.
Plural of bacterium.

bacteria

(bækˈtɪərɪə)
pl n, sing -rium (-rɪəm)
(Microbiology) a very large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three domains of living organisms. They are prokaryotic, unicellular, and either free-living in soil or water or parasites of plants or animals. See also prokaryote
[C19: plural of New Latin bacterium, from Greek baktērion, literally: a little stick, from baktron rod, staff]
bacˈterial adj
bacˈterially adv

bac•te•ri•a

(bækˈtɪər i ə)

n.pl., sing. -te•ri•um (-ˈtɪər i əm)
any of numerous groups of microscopic one-celled organisms constituting the phylum Schizomycota, of the kingdom Monera, various species of which are involved in infectious diseases, nitrogen fixation, fermentation, or putrefaction.
[1905–10; < New Latin < Greek baktḗria, pl. of baktḗrion; see bacterium]
bac•te′ri•al, adj.
bac•te′ri•al•ly, adv.

Bacteria


the branch of biology that studies and classifies bacteria. — bacteriologist, n.bacteriologic, bacteriological, adj.
a strong resistance by bacteria to absorbing stains. — chromatophobic, adj.
a bacterium that grows well in the presence of hemoglobin. — hemophilic, adj.
the branch of biology that studies microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and pathogenic protozoa. — microbiologist, n.
an abnormal fear of microorganisms. — microphobic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bacteria - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fissionbacteria - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
immune reaction, immune response, immunologic response - a bodily defense reaction that recognizes an invading substance (an antigen: such as a virus or fungus or bacteria or transplanted organ) and produces antibodies specific against that antigen
bioremediation - the act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (as bacteria) that can break down the undesirable substances
microorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic size
acidophil, acidophile - an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment
probiotic, probiotic bacterium, probiotic flora, probiotic microflora - a beneficial bacterium found in the intestinal tract of healthy mammals; often considered to be a plant
bacteroid - a rodlike bacterium (especially any of the rod-shaped or branched bacteria in the root nodules of nitrogen-fixing plants)
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
Calymmatobacterium, genus Calymmatobacterium - a genus of bacterial rods containing only the one species that causes granuloma inguinale
Francisella, genus Francisella - a genus of Gram-negative aerobic bacteria that occur as pathogens and parasite in many animals (including humans)
gonococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae - the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea
legionella, Legionella pneumophilia - the motile aerobic rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium that thrives in central heating and air conditioning systems and can cause Legionnaires' disease
nitrobacterium - any of the bacteria in the soil that take part in the nitrogen cycle; they oxidize ammonium compounds into nitrites or oxidize nitrites into nitrates
penicillin-resistant bacteria - bacteria that are unaffected by penicillin
pus-forming bacteria - bacteria that produce pus
rod - any rod-shaped bacterium
diplococcus - Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs
superbug - a strain of bacteria that is resistant to all antibiotics
resistance - the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria)
microphage - a neutrophil that ingests small things (as bacteria)
microbiology - the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans

bacteria

plural noun microorganisms, viruses, bugs (slang), germs, microbes, pathogens, bacilli Chlorine is added to kill bacteria.
Translations
بَكْتِيريابَكْتيريا، جَراثيمجراثيم
bakterie
bakteriebakterier
bakteeritbakteerikanta
bakterije
baktériumok
bacterios
bakteri
bakteríurgerlargerlar, bakteríur
バクテリア細菌
박테리아세균
bakterijabakteriologasbakteriologijabakteriologinis
baktērija
bakteriabakterie
bactériabactérias
baktérie
bakterije
bakteriebakterier
เชื้อแบคทีเรีย
bakteribakteriler
vi khuẩn

bacteria

[bækˈtɪərɪə] NPLbacterias fpl

bacteria

[bækˈtɪəriə] nplbactéries fpl

bacteria

[bækˈtɪərɪə] nplbatteri mpl

bacteria

(bakˈtiəriə) singular bacˈterium (-əm) noun plural
organisms not able to be seen except under a microscope, found in rotting matter, in air, in soil and in living bodies, some being the germs of disease. a throat infection caused by bacteria.
bacˌteriˈology (-ˈolədʒi) noun
the study of bacteria.
bacˌterioˈlogical (ˈlo-) adjective
bacˌteriˈologist noun

bacteria

بَكْتِيريا bakterie bakterie Bakterien βακτήρια bacteria, bacterias bakteerit bactérie bakterije batteri バクテリア 박테리아 bacteriën bakterier bakteria bactéria бактерия bakterie เชื้อแบคทีเรีย bakteri vi khuẩn 细菌

bac·te·ri·a

n.,pl. bacterias, gérmenes; organismos microscópicos.

bacteria

pl de bacterium
References in periodicals archive ?
She then enrolled at Strathclyde University for the third year of a BSc Hons degree in biochemistry and immunology, graduating in 2011 and beginning her PhD in structural dynamics of bacterial proteins.
Nevertheless, emerging data support the utility of NAPPA as a useful tool for the study of bacterial proteins. For example, Montor and colleagues used a bioinformatics approach to predict the Pseudomonas aeruginosa proteins that reside in the outer membrane of the bacteria or are secreted to the extracellular environment of the infected cell [29].
Lyubetsky, "Ribosome reinitiation at leader peptides increases translation of bacterial proteins," Biology Direct, vol.
The researchers propose that the increase is due to a general increased tendency for bacterial proteins to self-assemble and form homomeric interactions, even within the context of a heteromeric complex.
This phenomenon provided a possibility to develop a diagnostic method based on secreted bacterial proteins in sputum4.
Bugging Cancer is a fictional book, based on real scientific progress in using bacteria and bacterial proteins to attack malignant tumor cells.
"We suggest that some bacterial proteins can promote genetic changes that create conditions in the gut that would favor the progression of colon cancer." While colorectal cancer incidence rates have declined, likely due to more widespread screening, survival rates have not.
Washington, Mar 31 ( ANI ): MIT researchers have cured mice of a rare liver disorder caused by a single genetic mutation by using a new gene-editing system based on bacterial proteins.
As described in Section 1, several archaeal and bacterial proteins are shown to belong to the B-block_TFIIIC family in the Pfam database (see http://pfam.sanger.ac.uk/family/ PF04182#tabview=tab7).

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