Those from Kasai had grown up in the shadow of a different state-run company, MIBA, or Societe Miniere de Bakwanga
, but, from the early 1980s, they too experienced an industrial decline that could match, if not rival, that of Gecamines Upon their arrival in Katanga, a considerable number of these new migrants went to work in artisanal mines as creuseurs, mineral ore cleaners, transport providers, petty traders and mineral traders, or negociants.
Ausente de su diocesis, fue vicario general de Bakwanga
y en esos anos participo en el Concilio como padre conciliar; de este tiempo existen varias cartas pastorales.
* In 2013, rough diamond production in the DRC measured 15.7 million carats, a decline of around 27% over 2012 owing to the cash flow problems at mining company Societe Miniere de Bakwanga
(MIBA) and the reduction in the number of exploitable areas due to the new system of mining permits issued to artisanal diamond producers.
Les premisses de cette anthropologie pessimiste sont reperables chez le Reverend Vulsteke, alors Superieur de la mission Bonzola de Bakwanga
, au Congo-Belge.
This is roughly double the value of the average monthly diamond production by Miniere de Bakwanga
(MIBA) which employs 5,000 people.
Soc Miniere de Bakwanga
(MIBA) is the formal diamond producer.