In addition, the response of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus
, and possibly other cetaceans to these anthropogenic disturbances varies with behavioral activity (Beale and Monaghan, 2004; Ellison et al.
moschatus Monodon monoceros Narwhal Balaena mysticetus
Bowhead whale Cetacea sp.
Bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus
, inhabit different parts of the Arctic in five populations.
Two other species that suffered significant impacts from the Soviet catches in the North Pacific were the right whale, Eubalaena japonica, and the bowhead whale, Balaena mysticetus
, both of which had already been overexploited by historical (sail-based) whaling beginning in the mid-1800's (Clapham et al.
The ships usually sailed from the Hawaiian (Sandwich) Islands to the summer sperm, right, or bowhead, Balaena mysticetus
, whaling grounds to the north and returned to Hawaii
The Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission (IWC) has expressed concern about the management and conservation of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus
, in the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort (B-C-B) Seas (Map 1).
The eastern Beaufort Sea stock is thought to include the animals that migrate with bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus
, during the latter's spring migration and that spend the summer at the mouth of the Mackenzie River and Amundsen Gulf in the eastern Beaufort Sea (O'Corry-Crowe et al.
Other authors have discussed the large 16th and 17th century Basque hunts for balaenids, including both right whales and bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus
(Cumbaa, 1986), in the Strait of Belle Isle and along the Labrador coast (Barkham, 1984; Aguilar, 1986; Proulx, 1993; Ross, 1993).