It came about as a result of intermarriage between Bantu-speaking
communities along the East African coast and Arabs who arrived at the coast from as early as before 10th C, AD.
At the time, the term "Bantus" referred to indigenous black (primarily Bantu-speaking
) South Africans to be distinguished from "Coloureds", non-Bantu speaking South Africans of indigenous and European extraction, or "Asians" referring mostly to South Africans of Indian extraction.
Along with these came economic migrants, and the resulting intermingling with the indigenous Bantu-speaking
tribes led to the formation of a new "coastal" tribe - the Swahili.
During the Iron Age, a Bantu-speaking
group of people dwelled in an area, which now borders Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Botswana.
with the movement of the Bantu-speaking
peoples from the region that is now the contemporary nations of Nigeria and Cameroon to other parts of the African continent and to the Indian Ocean.
The Griqua people are descendants of Khoekhoe pastoralists, European settlers, San hunter-gatherers, formerly enslaved people from farms of the Cape Colony, and Bantu-speaking
Africans, says Schweitzer, and since they emerged as a group during the 18th century, they have struggled for land and autonomy.
Bila is spoken in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo, which is also the northernmost corner of the Bantu-speaking
Zambia's population of around 16 million is multi-ethnic with 70 Bantu-speaking
In broad daylight and under the flag of the British Empire, colonial settlers grabbed "the whole of the agricultural part of Lesotho proper, leaving the mountains to the Basotho," according to Isaac Schapera in the book The Bantu-Speaking
Tribes of South Africa, edited by himself.
'Bantu' is not an ethnic group but a linguistic group, and while many Bantu-speaking
peoples share certain cultural and social traits, many others do not.
people comprise the majority of the African population south of the Sahara, with more than 300 groups and dialects, including the Kikuyu, Swahili, and Zulu (Van Lehman & Eno, 2003).