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also ban·ian  (băn′yən)
A tropical Indian fig tree (Ficus benghalensis), often widely spreading because of the many aerial roots that descend from the branches and develop into additional trunks. It is planted for ornament and shade.

[Short for banyan tree, merchants' tree, from Portuguese banian, Hindu merchant, from Gujarati vāṇiyo, from Sanskrit vāṇijaḥ; see wen- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈbænjən) or


1. (Plants) a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. (Anthropology & Ethnology) a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India
3. (Clothing & Fashion) a loose-fitting shirt, jacket, or robe, worn originally in India
[C16: from Hindi baniyā, from Sanskrit vānija merchant]


(ˈbæn yən)

an East Indian fig tree, Ficus benghalensis, of the mulberry family, having branches that send out adventitious roots to the ground and sometimes cause the tree to spread over a wide area.
[1590–1600; < Portuguese (perhaps < Arabic) < Gujarati vāṇiyo member of the merchant caste; allegedly after a particular tree of the species near which merchants had built a booth]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.banyan - East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunksbanyan - East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
fig tree - any moraceous tree of the tropical genus Ficus; produces a closed pear-shaped receptacle that becomes fleshy and edible when mature
2.banyan - a loose fitting jacketbanyan - a loose fitting jacket; originally worn in India
jacket - a short coat
شَجَرَةُ الأثاب: تينُ البِغال
indiai fügeindiai fügefa
bengalinis fikusas
banianfigowiec bengalski
Hint inciri

banyan (tree)

nBengalische Feige, Banyan m


(ˈbӕnjən) noun
a tree that grows on wet land, with branches that have hanging roots that grow down and start new trunks.
References in classic literature ?
Nalasu would give Jerry a series of instructions, such as, going on a scout by himself, to go to the nest, then circle about it widely, to continue to the other clearing where were the fruit trees, to cross the jungle to the main path, to proceed down the main path toward the village till he came to the great banyan tree, and then to return along the small path to Nalasu and Nalasu's house.
Here, hiding new trail, Binu Charley had carried him for a quarter of a mile into the heart of the deepest jungle, and hidden him in a big banyan tree.
That night, crawling in among the twisted roots of a banyan tree, he had slept from exhaustion while the mosquitoes had had their will of him.
There stood an empty bullock-cart on a little knoll half a mile away, with a young banyan tree behind - a look-out, as it were, above some new-ploughed levels; and his eyelids, bathed in soft air, grew heavy as he neared it.
The whole locality developed around two ancient Banyan trees.
15 Southwell A member of the fig family, banyan trees are often beautiful in the way their roots and trunks develop in so many different directions.
Revival and Development of banyan forests in Naiband has started in collaboration with the South Pars Gas Complex, supervised by the office of Naiband National Marine Park, by planting two thousand young Banyan trees in "Halleh" estuary.
A spokesman for R-JH said: 'We regret any embarrassment caused to Banyan Trees and wish them much success with their future developments.
Relaxing on the veranda of their home, surrounded by banyan trees and souvenirs of their travels, they cat dart for lizards as they enjoy a wine.