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A country of east-central Africa. By the late 1700s, the region was the site of a Tutsi kingdom inhabited principally by Hutus. In 1890 it became part of German East Africa and later (1919) part of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. Rwanda achieved independence from Belgium in 1962. In 1990 the country was invaded by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group largely composed of exiled Tutsis, which signed a peace agreement with the government in 1992. Ethnic fighting broke out again in 1994, and with the assassination of the president, the Hutu government initiated a campaign of genocide. It is estimated that 800,000 people were murdered before Tutsis seized control of the government one hundred days later. Many Rwandan Hutus fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, leading to ongoing conflict between the two countries. Kigali is the capital and largest city.

Rwan′dan adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a republic in central Africa: part of German East Africa from 1899 until 1917, when Belgium took over the administration; became a republic in 1961 after a Hutu revolt against the Tutsi (1959); fighting between the ethnic groups broke out repeatedly after independence, culminating in the genocide of Tutsis by Hutus in 1994. Official languages: Kinyarwanda, English, French, and Swahili. Religion: Roman Catholic, African Protestant, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Rwanda franc. Capital: Kigali. Pop: 12 012 589 (2013 est). Area: 26 338 sq km (10 169 sq miles). Former name (until 1962): Ruanda
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ruˈɑn də)

a republic in central Africa, E of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly comprising the N part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi; became independent 1962. 8,154,933; 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km). Cap.: Kigali.
Rwan′dan, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rwanda - a landlocked republic in central AfricaRwanda - a landlocked republic in central Africa; formerly a German colony
ALIR, Army for the Liberation of Rwanda, FAR, Former Armed Forces, Interahamwe - a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again; "in 1999 ALIR guerrillas kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists"
East Africa - a geographical area in eastern Africa
capital of Rwanda, Kigali - the national capital and largest city of Rwanda; located in central Rwanda
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Kivu, Lake Kivu - a lake in the mountains of central Africa between Congo and Rwanda
Hutu - a member of a Bantu people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Tutsi, Watusi, Watutsi - a member of a Bantu speaking people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Rwandan - a native or inhabitant of Rwanda
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[rʊˈændə] NRuanda f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


nRuanda nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the Uganda Constitution, the Banyarwanda (Rwandans) are among the 55 officially recognised ethnic groups in the country.
Most people are Baruli (other ethnicities include Banyankore, Banyarwanda and Karamojong herdsmen alongside Baganda, Banyoro, Bakenyi and Luo (Nakasongola District 2009).
class="MsoNormalHe later on joked about it by insisting to his close friends that his attempt to temper his hot Kisii blood with Banyarwanda blood was highly successful in the product.
If religiosity is significant to this study it partly arises from the title of Tadjo's travelogue which evokes Imana, the Creator deity in the traditional Banyarwanda religion in Rwanda.
Playback and live performance ultimately revealed the ambiguity at the heart of the RPF's banyarwanda project, and suggested that iiveness' might offer a site of political potentiality, even if demands for live performance were never made on political actors.
The "high God" Imana came home to sleep in Rwanda at night, reflecting his benevolent care for the Banyarwanda people.
For instance, Uganda's international boundaries cut across kindred such as the Acholi, Madi, and Kakwa to the north, the Alur and Lugbara to the northwest, the Bamasaba, Basamia and Iteso to the east, and the Banyarwanda to the southwest.
The research article by Sadiki Koko on "State-building, Citizenship and the Banyarwanda Question in the DRC" draws attention to the power of citizenship as a defining element for integration or exclusion of people as (non-)members of a society.
(4.) The rest are Bagisu (3 percent), Basoga (5 percent), Bakiga (6 percent), Banyarwanda (3 percent), Iteso (5 percent), Langi (6 percent), and others (25 percent).
At the heart of the conflict rests the citizenship status of the rwando-phone population, called Banyarwanda, arriving in several waves from the early 18th to the late 19th century and again in 1994.
This created divisions between the Banyamulenge and Banyarwanda on the one hand, and indigenous (or, more accurately, 'allochthonous') Congolese on the other that led to violence in 1993 over ownership of agricultural farmland.