Here are their stories, ranging from ancient Norse princess Alfhild and warrior Rusla, to Sayyida al-Hurra of the Barbary corsairs
, and from Grace O'Malley, who terrorized shipping operations around the British Isles during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, to Cheng I Sao, who commanded a fleet of four hundred ships off China in the early nineteenth century.
(26.) Stanley Lane-Poole, James Douglass, & Jerrold Kelly, The Story OF the Barbary Corsairs
274 (1890) available at Project Gutenberg.
Lords of the Sea: A History of the Barbary Corsairs
. By Alan G.
, North African pirates, ranged all around Britain's shores looking for potential captives in the first half of the 16th century.
The Barbary Corsairs
were Muslim, and operated solely from present day North African states of Algiers, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia and were authorised to attack the ships of Christian countries.
As the oldest and most intractable iteration, Barbary corsairs
, with their abduction, ransoming and enslavement of European voyagers, were a popular subject of Christianist invective for centuries prior to the Romantic period.
The book's very title alludes to the long history of piracy--in particular how, in the late 17th century, the Mediterranean was terrorised by North Africa's Barbary corsairs
. Their fast ships raided coastal villages in France, Italy and Spain and plundered European shipping, capturing bounty and taking captives in chains to be sold in the slave markets of North Africa.
More than 150 English ships were hijacked, and James I went so far as to call the Barbary corsairs
'the common enemy of mankind'."
The third chapter begins the empirical argument by looking at the Barbary corsairs
in the Mediterranean in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Its slaving operations--and those of its vassals, the Barbary corsairs
based on the coast of North Africa--were integral to its naval operations, although the empire itself allowed its citizens more freedom than many Christian states at the time.