(21.) See OREN, supra note 18, at 23-28 (detailing evolution of early American response to Barbary piracy); see also Hitchens, supra note 20 (contrasting positions of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson); Jeffrey Gettleman, Lessons from the Barbary Pirate
In this article, I analyze the three major naval conflicts during the early republic and answer the question: Why did the United States rely heavily on public provision of naval defense during the Barbary Pirate
Wars and the Quasi-War with France but rely more heavily on private provision of naval defense during the War of 18127
His research has been published in North American and European historical, library studies journals, and he has published a book based on his doctoral dissertation titled Barbary Pirate
: The Life and Crimes of Captain John Ward (Sutton 2006).
Further reading Greg Bak, Barbary Pirate
: The Life and Crimes of John Ward (Sutton, 2006); Peter Earle, Pirate Wars (Methuen, 2003); Des Ekin, The Stolen Village: Baltimore and the Barbary Pirates
(O'Brien Press, 2006), Godfrey Fisher, Barbary Legend (Oxford University Press, 1957); David Delison Hebb, Piracy and the English Government, 1616-42 (Scolar Press, 1994); Nabil Matar, Britain and Barbary 1589-1689 (University Press of Florida, 2006); Daniel Vitkus (ed), Piracy, Slavery and Redemption (Columbia University Press, 2001).
: THE LIFE AND CRIMES OF JOHN WARD, THE MOST INFAMOUS PRIVATEER OF HIS TIME tells of a sailor who led a mass desertion in 1603, stole a civilian vessel and defected to the ottoman Empire's Tunis outpost, where he led a piracy campaign that made him the most feared privateer of his times.
Gregory Fremont-Barnes' WARS OF THE BARBARY PIRATES
: TO THE SHORES OF TRIPOLI: THE RISE OF THE US NAVY AND MRINES (1846030307, $14.95) tells of Barbary pirate
wars which enabled America to regain its dignity and moral values--and to develop a navy.
The vessel, eventually freed from the reef, was taken into port to join the Barbary pirate
fleet or be held for ransom.
I'm looking forward to reading it but, so far, I've only managed to look at the pictures, including one showing the mighty Park Top winning there in 1967, watched by an enormous number of people, and another showing Lester Piggott falling off Barbary Pirate
response to the Barbary pirate
states (Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli) in the early 19th century; the current AIDS crisis in Africa; and 14th century Mali and other Islamic lands through the eyes of Ibn Battuta, who traveled throughout the Muslim world.
Ultimately, Oren applies his Barbary pirate
metaphor to the al-Qaida attacks on the United States of 9/11, 2001.
Tom, of Curtis Road, Wyken, is pictured here with a Barbary pirate
on a mock pirate ship.
He added: "It was thought the ship was Dutch but I personally think it was more likely to be a Barbary pirate