Greek stringed instruments included the Chelys Lyre, Kithara, Barbitos
, Phorminx, Thracian Kithara, and Harp.
Sembre-rebbe infatti suggerire, ancorche non apertis verbis, la derivazione del vocabolo barbitos
Nec minor in lyricis, cum barbitos
aemula vati / Aeolio molles concinit icta modos.
was supposedly invented by the 7th-century Lesbian musician Terpander, who, like Orpheus, charmed men through his music.