Clarte fue, desde 1919, un movimiento colectivo, organizado alrededor del periodico de mismo nombre, liderado, en un primer momento, por Henri Barbusse
. El escritor frances y otros intelectuales de aquel entonces, impactados por la tragedia de la Primera Guerra Mundial, intentaron hacer una amplia movilizacion pacifista que pronto vendria a volverse anticolonialista y antiimperialista.
In this study, I examine two novels marking the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries: Le Feu by Henri Barbusse
published in 1916 and Algerie roman by Rene-Nicolas Ehni published in 2002.
, and Sartre greeted Voyage au bout de la nuit (1932) with great symphathy, yet at the same time the monarchist Leon Daudet attached himself to Celine as one of his greatest and most fervent admirers.
It was Emir Rodriguez Monegal who, to my knowledge, first indicated the impact of Henri Barbusse
's L'Enfer on Borges (11819).
It provides a comparative study of two war narratives, namely Gaspard, by Rene Benjamin, and Le Feu, the work of Henri Barbusse
. The novels were awarded the Prix Goncourt for 1915 and 1916 respectively and sold numbers of copies not seen since the heyday of Emile Zola.
Hemingway's aesthetic connections to Henri Barbusse
's Le Feu (Under Fire) have been virtually ignored by American critics.
In light of such considerations, one can imagine the impact on Wright's still forming sensibilities when in the fall of 1933, almost simultaneously with his joining the John Reed Club, he probably had contact with a best-selling modern French novelist and Communist VIP, Henry Barbusse
started as a neo-Symbolist poet, with Pleureuses (1895; "Mourners"), and continued as a neonaturalistic novelist, with L'Enfer (1908; The Inferno).
Koch claims that "the Moscow Archives clearly show" that Henri Barbusse
's life was managed by the Stalinist apparatus.
Boye became a leading figure in the socialist movement inspired by the French novelist Henri Barbusse
and cofounded and wrote for Spektrum, a review examining psychoanalytical theory and modernist literary views.
While there, he established strong ideological ties with some of the leading socialist thinkers of the time, among them Henri Barbusse
, Antonio Gramsci, and Maksim Gorky.