basalt

(redirected from Basalts)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

ba·salt

 (bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
n.
1. A hard, dense, dark igneous rock composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and often having a glassy appearance.
2. A kind of hard unglazed pottery.

[From New Latin basaltēn, a misreading (in manuscripts of Pliny) of Latin basanītēn, accusative of basanītēs, a word Pliny uses of several kinds of rock, including a hard ironlike rock that the Egyptians obtained in Ethiopia, from Greek basanītēs (lithos), touchstone : basanos, touchstone (ultimately (perhaps via Lydian) from Egyptian bḫn, graywacke) + -ītēs, adjectival suffix.]

ba·sal′tic (-sôl′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

basalt

(ˈbæsɔːlt)
n
1. (Geological Science) a fine-grained dark basic igneous rock consisting of plagioclase feldspar, a pyroxene, and olivine: the most common volcanic rock and usually extrusive. See flood basalt
2. (Ceramics) a form of black unglazed pottery resembling basalt
[C18: from Late Latin basaltēs, variant of basanītēs, from Greek basanitēs touchstone, from basanos, of Egyptian origin]
baˈsaltic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ba•salt

(bəˈsɔlt, ˈbæs ɔlt, ˈbeɪ sɔlt)

n.
the dark, dense, igneous rock of a lava flow or minor intrusion, composed essentially of labradorite and pyroxene and often displaying a columnar structure.
[1595–1605; < Latin basaltēs < Greek basanitēs=básan(os) touchstone (ultimately < Egyptian bhn(w) graywacke) + -ītēs -ite1]
ba•sal′tic, ba•sal′tine (-tɪn, -taɪn) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ba·salt

(bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
A dark, fine-grained, igneous rock consisting mostly of feldspar, iron, and magnesium. Basalt makes up most of the ocean floor. It commonly forms when volcanic lava becomes solid. See Table at rock.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

basalt

A fine-grained extrusive rock. Oceanic crust is largely basalt.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basalt - the commonest type of solidified lavabasalt - the commonest type of solidified lava; a dense dark grey fine-grained igneous rock that is composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene
pyroxene - any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
oligoclase, plagioclase - any of a series of triclinic feldspars that form rocks
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
البازلت
čedič
basalt
bazalt
basalt
bazaltas
bazalts
čadič
bazaltyanık taş

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] Nbasalto m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] n (= rock) → basalte m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

basalt

nBasalt m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] nbasalto
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

basalt

(ˈbӕsoːlt) noun
any of certain types of dark-coloured rock.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
At Callyan they reached the junction of the branch line which descends towards south-eastern India by Kandallah and Pounah; and, passing Pauwell, they entered the defiles of the mountains, with their basalt bases, and their summits crowned with thick and verdant forests.
I tried to speak, but Captain Nemo stopped me by a gesture, and, picking up a piece of chalk-stone, advanced to a rock of black basalt, and traced the one word:
They fought in the breakers, they fought in the sand, and they fought on the smooth-worn basalt rocks of the nurseries, for they were just as stupid and unaccommodating as men.
It rests on ancient volcanic rocks, and has been covered by a stream of basalt, which must have entered the sea when the white shelly bed was lying at the bottom.
Clustering behind him we saw in the yellow field of light a wall of broken basalt which extended to the ceiling.
Melt, fluid and crystal inclusions in olivine phenocrysts from Kerguelen plume-derived picritic basalts; evidence for interaction with the Kerguelen Plateau lithosphere: Chemical Geology, v.
The essential minerals of the basalts are the expected plagioclase, augite, olivine and iron-titanium oxides, while minor amounts of apatite, ferroaugite, and analcite were detected in some units.
Not only basalts have compositions that allow individual geologic units to be fingerprinted.
These slightly weathered basalts are very similar in composition and texture to another pair of Martian meteorites from the same area (S&T: July 1999, page 25), enough so that all four are probably fragments of a single arrival at Earth.
The chemical composition of this material is unlike known basalts but resembles that of riverborne silt in the region, the scientists report in the June 26 Science.
The petrochemical studies on Al-Haruj province indicate that most volcanic rocks belong to the alkaline olivine basaltic suite and range in composition from basalts to hawaiite; however, a systematic compositional variation cannot be drawn [2, 5, 14-17].