viol

(redirected from Basse de viole)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

vi·ol

 (vī′əl)
n.
1. Any of a family of stringed instruments, chiefly of the 1500s and 1600s, having a fretted fingerboard, usually six strings, and a flat back and played with a curved bow.

[Alteration of Middle English viel, from Old French viole, vielle, from Old Provençal viola; see viola1.]

viol

(ˈvaɪəl)
n
(Instruments) any of a family of stringed musical instruments that preceded the violin family, consisting of a fretted fingerboard, a body rather like that of a violin but having a flat back and six strings, played with a curved bow. They are held between the knees when played and have a quiet yet penetrating tone; they were much played, esp in consorts, in the 16th and 17th centuries
[C15: from Old French viole, from Old Provençal viola; see viola1]

vi•ol

(ˈvaɪ əl)

n.
a bowed musical instrument, differing from the violin in having deeper ribs, sloping shoulders, a greater number of strings, usu. six, and frets: common in the 16th and 17th centuries in various sizes from the treble viol to the bass viol.
[1475–85; < Middle French viole (akin to Old French viel(l)e> earlier E viele) < Old Provençal viola, derivative of violar to play the viol or a similar instrument (perhaps imitative)]
vi′ol•ist, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.viol - any of a family of bowed stringed instruments that preceded the violin familyviol - any of a family of bowed stringed instruments that preceded the violin family
bowed stringed instrument, string - stringed instruments that are played with a bow; "the strings played superlatively well"
viola da braccio - a member of the viol family with approximately the range of a viola
bass viol, gamba, viola da gamba - viol that is the bass member of the viol family with approximately the range of the cello
viola d'amore - viol that is the tenor of the viol family
Translations

viol

[ˈvaɪəl] Nviola f

viol

[ˈvaɪəl] nviole f

viol

nViola f
References in periodicals archive ?
My translation from Le Blanc's Defense de la basse de viole contre les entreprises du violon et les pretentions du violoncel [Amsterdam, 1740], 1).
24) Au college d'Orleans en 1689, lors de la fete de saint Francois-Xavier, il y eut de huit a dix musiciens qui jouaient du violon, de la basse de viole et d'autres instruments.
For Les surprises de l'amour orchestra] parts are available for hire and a vocal score is in preparation; for the Pieces de clavecin en concerts three paperbound parts accompany the score: violon on flute, basse de viole and second violon an lieu de basse de viole.