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n.1.(Chem.) A constituent part of a species of gum from Bassora, as also of gum tragacanth and some gum resins. It is one of the amyloses.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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TG gum is actually a mixture of soluble component tragacanthin (30-40%) and insoluble component bassorin (60-70%).
Tragacanth is a naturally occurring dried gum comprised of bassorin (60-70%), the water insoluble portion and tragacanthin, water soluble portion (30-40%).
Ueber Pflanzenschleim und Bassorin. Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie 1844;51:30.