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n. pl.1.(Ethnol.) A warlike South African people of the Bantu stock, divided into many tribes, at one time subjected by the English. They formerly practiced cannibalism, but have now adopted many European customs.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in classic literature ?
For me, I snatched up the rug--afterwards I found it was Noma's best kaross, made by Basutos of chosen cat-skins, and worth three oxen--and I fled, followed by Koos.
(1861) The Basutos. Morija: Morija Museum and Archives.
I a Xhosa, say you are my brothers, Swazis, Pondos, Basutos, we die like brothers, for though they made us leave our assegais in the kraal, our voices are left with our bodies".
Among Boers and Basutos. Westminster: Roxburghe Press, 1898.
"Moshedi of The Basutos." Part I, Pittsburgh Courier (December 28, 1957), 6.
Charles Payton (1872), a digger, concurred that: [T]he Kaffirs are considered the best and most trustworthy labourers, and of the Kaffirs the Zulus have the best reputation, and perhaps the Basutos next.
The Eugene Casalis record of his twenty-three years at Morija, The Basutos of 1861, is more formal, polished.
Moshesh the king of the Basutos, of whom James Backhouse and George Washington Walker give some account, is one of the most extraordinary men I ever met with, and I had almost said a miracle of a man, when his circumstances in Africa are taken into consideration, and the French mission among his people, present one of the loveliest pictures under heaven.
The Basutos: Or, Twenty-Three Years in South Africa, London: James Nisbet & Co, 1861.