But a Jewish court, a beit din
, is different in fundamental ways from the court of a state like the United States or, for that matter, Israel.
In the vast majority of these cases, the Beit Din
(Rabbinical Court) either succeeds in bringing about a divorce by mutual consent, or is presented with a "done deal.
Berkovitz presents the first publication of the Pinkas of the Metz Beit Din
, the official register of civil cases that came before the Metz rabbinic court during the two decades prior to the French Revolution.
One outdated poster read: "Issued by the Beit Din
Tzedek Haredi Sephardi [a religious court].
Still, neither social contract nor Beit Din
seems to explain fully the concept of Kehila.
Between a brief introductory overview and a longish "Summary and Conclusions" (64 pages), the multiple chapters assess the fundamentals, principal components, and ritual acts of conversion (partial and complete); categorical distinctions between potential proselytes and rulings thereof (ger tsedek, ger toshav, Canaanite Slave, yefat to'ar, Noachide, and Gentile); acceptance of the commandments as received in the Written Torah and authoritatively interpreted in the Oral Torah; the role or non-role of the Beit Din
(religious court), before, during and after conversion; the conversion of minors; and valid and invalid conversions, ab initio and ex post facto.
8) Many Orthodox rabbis from the center to the left already had been referring all conversions to the Rabbinical Council of America's beit din
because the Chief Rabbinate would not accept their conversions, at least not readily or easily.
37) It is clear today that many Jews will readily file suit against another Jew without first seeking permission of a beit din
, due to lax enforcement of the ban and the view that the laws of the United States are equitable and fair.
God and His celestial Beit Din
study, debate, interpret and vote on legal rulings simultaneously with the terrestrial courts and academies.
After nearly an hour-long online conversation with the beit din
, or rabbinical court, whose five members were located across the U.
Rabbi Barry Freundel and the Rabbinical Council of American are cited in the lawsuit, along with the Beit Din
of America, reported The Washington Post.
Concerned about potential damage to the image of the Jewish community, the AJCongress convened a beit din
(literally, a house of judgment, it is an arbitration board consisting of three judges) to provide both Krieger and Mittelman a forum in which to argue their cases.