He also said that he provided a get for his wife at the Beit Din
of Shaarey Mishpat, which is headed by Rabbi Tzvi Dov Abraham of Monsey, and which is not recognized by any rabbinical organization in North America nor by the chief rabbinate in Israel.
As conversations on social media do, the discussion veered off to other topics, in this case to gender roles, how gender inclusivity is expressed in Hebrew, LGBT rights in Israel, the Get (the Jewish bill of divorce), the Beit Din
(Jewish religious court) and whether Judaism is good for women.
But a Jewish court, a beit din
, is different in fundamental ways from the court of a state like the United States or, for that matter, Israel.
Berkovitz presents the first publication of the Pinkas of the Metz Beit Din
, the official register of civil cases that came before the Metz rabbinic court during the two decades prior to the French Revolution.
Still, neither social contract nor Beit Din
seems to explain fully the concept of Kehila.
Between a brief introductory overview and a longish "Summary and Conclusions" (64 pages), the multiple chapters assess the fundamentals, principal components, and ritual acts of conversion (partial and complete); categorical distinctions between potential proselytes and rulings thereof (ger tsedek, ger toshav, Canaanite Slave, yefat to'ar, Noachide, and Gentile); acceptance of the commandments as received in the Written Torah and authoritatively interpreted in the Oral Torah; the role or non-role of the Beit Din
(religious court), before, during and after conversion; the conversion of minors; and valid and invalid conversions, ab initio and ex post facto.
(8) Many Orthodox rabbis from the center to the left already had been referring all conversions to the Rabbinical Council of America's beit din
because the Chief Rabbinate would not accept their conversions, at least not readily or easily.
They face the outlawing of their decades-old rabbinical courts (beit din
(37) It is clear today that many Jews will readily file suit against another Jew without first seeking permission of a beit din
, due to lax enforcement of the ban and the view that the laws of the United States are equitable and fair.
God and His celestial Beit Din
study, debate, interpret and vote on legal rulings simultaneously with the terrestrial courts and academies.
The request submitted by Yad L'Achim to the Beit Din
for Binyamin's return to Judaism encountered difficulties due to missing documents relating to the Jewishness of his mother, who had no family member or acquaintance in Israel.
Rabbi Barry Freundel and the Rabbinical Council of American are cited in the lawsuit, along with the Beit Din
of America, reported The Washington Post.