Belgium(redirected from Belgum)
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A country of northwest Europe on the North Sea. Inhabited in ancient times by the Belgae, the region was part of the Roman and Carolingian empires before breaking up into a number of feudal states during the Middle Ages. The area occupied by present-day Belgium passed to the Habsburgs in the 15th century and to the French in the 18th century. Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Belgium was given to the kingdom of the Netherlands, from which it gained independence as a separate kingdom in 1830. Brussels is the capital and the largest city.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Placename) a federal kingdom in NW Europe: at various times under the rulers of Burgundy, Spain, Austria, France, and the Netherlands before becoming an independent kingdom in 1830. It formed the Benelux customs union with the Netherlands and Luxembourg in 1948 and was a founder member of the Common Market, now the European Union. It consists chiefly of a low-lying region of sand, woods, and heath (the Campine) in the north and west, and a fertile undulating central plain rising to the Ardennes Mountains in the southeast. Languages: French, Flemish (Dutch), German. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Brussels. Pop: 10 444 268 (2013 est). Area: 30 513 sq km (11 778 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
a kingdom in W Europe, bordering the North Sea, N of France. 10,182,034; 11,800 sq. mi. (30,562 sq. km). Cap.: Brussels. French, Bel•gique (bɛlˈʒik) ; Flemish, Bel•gi•ë (ˈbɛl xi ə)
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||Belgium - a monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization|
Bouvines - in 1214 the French under Philip Augustus defeated a coalition formed against him in one of the greatest battles of the middle ages
Battle of Fontenoy, Fontenoy - a battle in 1745 in which the French army under Marshal Saxe defeated the English army and their allies under the duke of Cumberland
Battle of Waterloo, Waterloo - the battle on 18 June 1815 in which Prussian and British forces under Blucher and the Duke of Wellington routed the French forces under Napoleon
first battle of Ypres, Ypres, battle of Ypres - battle in World War I (1914); heavy but indecisive fighting as the Allies and the Germans both tried to break through the lines of the others
second battle of Ypres, Ypres, battle of Ypres - battle in World War I (1915); Germans wanted to try chlorine (a toxic yellow gas) as a weapon and succeeded in taking considerable territory from the Allied salient
battle of Ypres, third battle of Ypres, Ypres - battle in World War I (1917); an Allied offensive which eventually failed because tanks bogged down in the waterlogged soil of Flanders; Germans introduced mustard gas which interfered with the Allied artillery
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Benelux - a customs union comprising Belgium and Netherlands and Luxembourg
commune - the smallest administrative district of several European countries
Belgian capital, Brussels, Bruxelles, capital of Belgium - the capital and largest city of Belgium; seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Antwerp, Antwerpen, Anvers - a busy port and financial center in northern Belgium on the Scheldt river; it has long been a center for the diamond industry and the first stock exchange was opened there in 1460
Bruges, City of Bridges - a city in northwestern Belgium that is connected by canal to the North Sea; in the 13th century it was a leading member of the Hanseatic League; the old city (known as the City of Bridges) is a popular tourist attraction
Charleroi - city in southwestern Belgium; center of an industrial region
Gand, Ghent, Gent - port city in northwestern Belgium and industrial center; famous for cloth industry
Namur - a city in south central Belgium situated on a promontory between the Meuse River and the Sambre River; the site of intense fighting in World War I and World War II
Waterloo - a town in central Belgium where in 1815 Napoleon met his final defeat
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Sambre, Sambre River - a river in western Europe that rises in northern France and flows generally east into Belgium where it joins the Meuse at Namur
Scheldt, Scheldt River - a river that rises in France and flows northeast across Belgium and empties into the North Sea
Belgian - a native or inhabitant of Belgium
Fleming - a native of Flanders or a Flemish-speaking Belgian
Walloon - a member of the French-speaking people living in Belgium
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Belgium[ˈbeldʒəm] N → Bélgica f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
n → Belgien nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
Belgium[ˈbɛldʒəm] n → Belgio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
Belgium→ بَلْجِيكا Belgie Belgien Belgien Βέλγιο Bélgica Belgia Belgique Belgija Belgio ベルギー 벨기에 België Belgia Belgia Bélgica Бельгия Belgien ประเทศเบลเยี่ยม Belçika nước Bỉ 比利时
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009