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Benedict XVIOriginally Joseph Ratzinger. Born 1927.
Pope (2005-2013). Noted as a conservative theologian before his election, he strove during his papacy to defend traditional Catholic teachings against the influence of secularism. He was the first pope since medieval times to resign from the papacy.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Biography) original name Joseph Alois Ratzinger. born 1927 in Germany, pope (2005–2013): the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415: on retirement he was accorded the title pope emeritus
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014