benzoin

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ben·zo·in

 (bĕn′zō-ĭn, -zoin′)
n.
1. A balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees of the genus Styrax and used in perfumery and medicine. Also called benjamin, gum benjamin, gum benzoin.
2. A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C14H12O2, derived from benzaldehyde.

[Earlier benjoin, from French benjoin and Italian benzoino, both from Arabic lubān jāwī, frankincense of Java; see lbn in Semitic roots.]

benzoin

(ˈbɛnzɔɪn; -zəʊɪn; bɛnˈzəʊɪn)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: benjamin a gum resin containing benzoic acid, obtained from various trees of the genus Styrax, esp S. benzoin of Java and Sumatra, and used in ointments, perfume, etc
2. (Elements & Compounds) a white or yellowish crystalline compound with a camphor-like odour used as an antiseptic and flavouring; 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone. Formula: C6H5CHOHCOC6H5
3. (Plants) any lauraceous aromatic shrub or tree of the genus Lindera, esp L. benzoin (spicebush)
[C16: from French benjoin, from Old Catalan benjui, from Arabic lubān jāwī, literally: frankincense of Java]

ben•zo•in1

(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)

n.
1. a reddish brown balsamic resin obtained from certain storax trees, used in medicine and perfumery.
2. any plant belonging to the genus Lindera (Benzoin), of the laurel family, as the spicebush.
[1550–60; earlier benjoin < Middle French < Portuguese beijoim < Arabic lubān jāwi frankincense of Java]

ben•zo•in2

(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)

n.
a white, water-soluble powder, C14H12O2, used in organic synthesis.
[1860–70; benzo- + -in 1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzoin - gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
gum resin - a mixture of resin and gum
2.benzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus LinderaBenzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera
magnoliid dicot genus - genus of dicotyledonous flowering plants regarded as among the most primitive of extant angiosperms
family Lauraceae, Lauraceae, laurel family - a family of Lauraceae
Translations

ben·zo·in

n. benjuí, resina usada como expectorante.

benzoin

n benzoína