benzene

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ben·zene

 (bĕn′zēn′, bĕn-zēn′)
n.
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzol.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

benzene

(ˈbɛnziːn; bɛnˈziːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless flammable toxic aromatic liquid used in the manufacture of styrene, phenol, etc, as a solvent for fats, resins, etc, and as an insecticide. Formula: C6H6. See also benzene ring
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ben•zene

(ˈbɛn zin, bɛnˈzin)

n.
a colorless, slightly water-soluble, liquid aromatic compound, C6H6, obtained chiefly from coal tar: used in making chemicals and dyes and as a solvent.
[1825–35]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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ben·zene

(bĕn′zēn′)
A clear, colorless, flammable liquid, C6H6. It is derived from petroleum and used to make detergents, insecticides, motor fuels, and many other chemical products. ♦ The six carbon atoms of benzene are arranged in a ring, called a benzene ring, having alternating single and double bonds, with a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon atom. This ring is a fundamental component of many other organic compounds.

benzyl adjective
Did You Know? One of the key insights in the history of chemistry came in a dream. In 1865 chemists knew that a benzene molecule consisted of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms. They also knew that carbon atoms have four bonds by which they can join with other atoms. But none of the chain-like structures that chemists knew about then worked with these numbers of atoms and bonds. The German chemist Friedrich August Kekulé had thought about this problem for a long time. One night he fell asleep and dreamed of snakes. One snake bit its own tail, forming a circle. Awakened by the image, Kekulé realized that the six carbon atoms in benzene formed a ring. Each carbon was bound once to one adjacent carbon and twice to the carbon on its other side. And each used its fourth bond to hold a hydrogen atom outside the ring. Modern chemistry owes much of its power to the understanding of ringed carbon compounds that started with Kekulé's dream.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
aromatic hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
benzene formula, benzene nucleus, benzene ring, Kekule formula - a closed chain of 6 carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
benzen
bentseeni
benzen
bensen

benzene

[ˈbenziːn] Nbenceno m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

benzene

[ˈbɛnziːn] nbenzène m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

benzene

nBenzol nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

benzene

[ˈbɛnziːn] nbenzene m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

benzene

n benceno
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.