benzodiazepine

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ben·zo·di·az·e·pine

 (bĕn′zō-dī-ăz′ə-pēn′, -pĭn)
n.
Any of a group of chemical compounds with a common molecular structure and similar pharmacological effects, used as antianxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, hypnotics, and sometimes as anticonvulsants.

[benzo- + diazepine, seven-member ring containing two nitrogens (di- + az(o)- + (h)ep(ta)- + -ine).]

benzodiazepine

(ˌbɛnzəʊdaɪˈeɪzəˌpiːn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of chemical compounds that are used as minor tranquillizers, such as diazepam (Valium) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
[C20: from benzo- + di-1 + aza- + ep- + -ine2]

ben•zo•di•az•e•pine

(ˌbɛn zoʊ daɪˈæz əˌpin, -ˈeɪ zə-)

n.
any of a family of minor tranquilizers that act against anxiety and convulsions.
[1930–35; benzo- + di-1 + az (o)- + -epine ((h)ep(ta)- + -ine 2)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzodiazepine - any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
alprazolam, Xanax - an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
chlordiazepoxide, Libritabs, Librium - a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
diazepam, Valium - a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
estazolam, ProSom - a frequently prescribed sleeping pill (trade name ProSom)
Ativan, lorazepam - tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
midazolam, Versed - an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
antianxiety drug, anxiolytic, anxiolytic drug, minor tranquilizer, minor tranquilliser, minor tranquillizer - a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
muscle relaxant - a drug that reduces muscle contractility by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses or by decreasing the excitability of the motor end plate or by other actions
nitrazepam - a hypnotic and sedative drug of the benzodiazepine type
Restoril, temazepam - a frequently prescribed benzodiazepine (trade name Restoril); takes effect slowly and lasts long enough to help those people who wake up frequently during the night
Halcion, triazolam - a form of benzodiazepine (trade name Halcion) frequently prescribed as a sleeping pill; usually given to people who have trouble falling asleep
Translations

benzodiazepine

n benzodiazepina or benzodiacepina
References in periodicals archive ?
The entry-level benzodiazapine was developed in the 1950s by a Polish immigrant in the United States, Leo Sternbach, from discarded chemical compounds he had synthesised 20 years earlier in Poland when he was working on experiments to create new dyes.
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