Bergius


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Bergius

(German ˈbɛrɡjʊs)
n
(Biography) Friedrich (Karl Rudolph) (ˈfriːdrɪç). 1884– 1949, German chemist, who invented a process for producing oil by high-pressure hydrogenation of coal: Nobel prize for chemistry 1931
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Since before the First World War German scientists had been perfecting methods of synthesizing various petroleum products from coal--first the Bergius process (1913), which yielded gasoline, then the Fischer-Tropsch process (1926), which could produce heavier fuels, such as diesel, but was more expensive than the Bergius process.
Estos autores encontraron en un bosque seco de Bolivar, Cauca, que las fenofases reproductivas (floracion-fructificacion) de Brownea rosa-de-monte Bergius predominaron entre enero y agosto, periodo que incluye meses secos como enero, febrero, marzo y humedos como mayo y junio, mientras que la fase vegetativa (follaje) prevalecio entre agosto y diciembre, meses humedos.
Fourteen Bergius and Fischer-Tropsch synthetic oil plants were operating, and an additional six were under construction, and more than a million tons of natural crude were being produced from domestic sources, much of it in the recently annexed territory of Austria.
Entre otros aparecen Willdenow, Lineo, Braconnet, Haller, Stoerek, Galeno, Gallen, Sindeham, Bergius, Stoertz, Vauquelin, Bracconet, von Stallen y Orfila.
Poaceae Bahia grasses Bergius Peltaea speciosa (Kunth) Malvaceae Slimy Standl.
In addition to the limited refined products based on crude oil, Germany in 1944 was producing liquid refined fuel from coal, using the Bergius hydrogenation process and the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process.
The Bergius process for direct conversion of coal to liquids was patented in 1913/1919 [3].