Bessarabia


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Related to Bessarabia: Bukovina

Bes·sa·ra·bi·a

 (bĕs′ə-rā′bē-ə)
A region of Moldova and western Ukraine. As the gateway from Russia into the Danube River valley, it was for centuries an invasion route from Asia to Europe. The region became part of Russia in 1812 but declared itself independent in 1918 and later voted for union with Romania, which was forced to cede it to the USSR in 1940.

Bes′sa·ra′bi·an adj. & n.

Bessarabia

(ˌbɛsəˈreɪbɪə)
n
(Placename) a region in E Europe, mostly in Moldova and Ukraine: long disputed by the Turks and Russians; a province of Romania from 1918 until 1940. Area: about 44 300 sq km (17 100 sq miles)

Bes•sa•ra•bi•a

(ˌbɛs əˈreɪ bi ə)

n.
a region in Moldavia, on the W shore of the Black Sea: formerly part of Romania.
Bes`sa•ra′bi•an, adj., n.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the outbreak of World War II, Romania tried to remain neutral, but in June 1940, the USSR issued an ultimatum demanding the provinces of Bessarabia and Bukovina.
Socialist views, and somehow hostile to the Russian Narodism, had also numerous activists from Bessarabia, such as Constantin Stere, one of the founders, along Garabet Ibraileanu (considered the father of populism), of "Viata Romaneasca" magazine.
NOW THEN (A) BANGLADESH (1) ABYSSINIA (B) BELIZE (2) BASUTOLAND (C) BENIN (3) BECHUANALAND (D) BOTSWANA (4) BESSARABIA (E) BURKINAFASO (5) BRITISH HONDURAS (F) CAMBODIA (6) BURMA (G) DJIBOUTI (7) CEYLON (H) ETHIOPIA (8) DAHOMEY (I) GHANA (9) DUTCH GUIANA (J) IRAN (10) EAST PAKISTAN (K) IRAQ (11) ELLICE ISLANDS (L) LESOTHO (12) FRENCH SOMALILAND (M) MALAWI (13) GOLD COAST (N) MALI (14) KAMPUCHEA (O) MOLDOVA (15) MESOPOTAMIA (P) MYANMAR (16) NEW HEBRIDES (Q) NAMIBIA (17) NORTHERN RHODESIA (R) SRILANKA (18) NYASALAND (S) SURINAME (19) PERSIA (T) THAILAND (20) SIAM (U) TUVALU (21) SOUTHERN RUSIA (V) VANUATU (22) SOUTHWEST AFRICA (W) ZAMBIA (23) SUDANESE REPUBLIC (X) ZIMBABWE (24) UPPER VOLTA NOW AND THEN--Answers
This article discusses the various forms of resistance to and/or noninvolvement in strategies of national mobilization in early 20th-century Bessarabia. The region was the object of rival claims to inclusion in the Russian imperial and Romanian national space, with each of the two alternative centers competing for the loyalty of the local population.
Earlier, addressing the function, the envoy said on Dec 1 they celebrate the centennial of the Great Union, referring to the unification of Transylvania, Bessarabia and Bukovina with the Romanian Kingdom in 1918.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr Tudor said, "Tonight we celebrate the National Day in the year that marks the Centenary of the Great Union, one of the most important historical moments: the reunification of Romanians from the Old Kingdom-- Bessarabia, Bucovina, Transylvania, Banat, CriE-ana and MaramureE into one state.
Tuttavia, <<Alla Conferenza della pace, erano state definite o erano in via di definizione le questioni territoriali relative alla spartizione del Banato (nell'ottobre 1919 vi fu un accordo provvisorio tra Bucarest e Belgrado), della Bucovina (divisa tra Polonia e Romania) e della Rutenia (a Bucarest fu attribuita solo una piccola parte del Maramures) Annunciata definitivamente al governo romeno l'attribuzione della Bucovina (era stata ritardata per indurre Bucarest a firmare al piu presto i trattati) e non essendo piU in discussione la sovranita romena sulla Dobrugia meridionale, si affrontarono ancora le questioni della definizione del confine ungaro-romeno in Transilvania e della Bessarabia" (2).
They also share a common history, since in 1918, at the end of World War I, Bessarabia, part of the Principality of Moldovia, united with Transylvania, Bukovina, and the Romanian Old Kingdom.
Bessarabia was proclaimed as was the Independent Republic of Moldavia which, by the decision of the Country Council -- the institution that functioned as Parliament elected by the population between Prut and Dniester -- united with Romania on March 27 1918.
The number 100 holds a lot of symbolic value for unionists, who just celebrated the centennial of Bessarabia's unification with Romania on March 27, 1918.
A Contested Border Land: Competing Russian and Romanian Visions of Bessarabia in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century
Russophiles have generally had the upper hand ever since Moldova became a Russian protectorate in the early 18th century only to have its eastern part, known as Bessarabia, incorporated into the Russian Empire in 1812.