(redirected from Bessarabian)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.


A region of Moldova and western Ukraine. As the gateway from Russia into the Danube River valley, it was for centuries an invasion route from Asia to Europe. The region became part of Russia in 1812 but declared itself independent in 1918 and later voted for union with Romania, which was forced to cede it to the USSR in 1940.

Bes′sa·ra′bi·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a region in E Europe, mostly in Moldova and Ukraine: long disputed by the Turks and Russians; a province of Romania from 1918 until 1940. Area: about 44 300 sq km (17 100 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌbɛs əˈreɪ bi ə)

a region in Moldavia, on the W shore of the Black Sea: formerly part of Romania.
Bes`sa•ra′bi•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bessarabian peasantry was one of the main targets of political propaganda by right-wing ideologues.
The museum was founded in 1939 by sculptor Alexandru Plamadeala who selected 160 works of Bessarabian and Romanian artists to establish the Picture Gallery of Chisinau, the predecessor of the fine arts museum.
Refusing to take either the nationalist Romanian and the Russian/Soviet perspective on the dynamics of the "Bessarabian question" at face value, Cusco argues that the symbolic competition over Bessarabia gradually crystallized in the aftermath of the Crimean War.
However, despite an assiduous process of assimilation and denationalization, a significant portion of Bessarabian elites maintained their identity and used the opportunity provided by the Russian Revolution to unite with Moldova's kin state Romania in 1918.
In addition to all that, one of us (HBW) claims to be Bessarabian (now called Moldova) based upon his father's birthplace.
Berejan individualized a certain Bessarabian specificity, yet "not at the level of a language vs another language, only at the level of dialect vs other dialects of the same language" (p.
The more proletarian and artisanal backgrounds of Jews from Lithuania and Belorussia rendered them generally less suited to farming than their Ukrainian and Bessarabian coreligionists, some of whom had previous experience as farmers and many as merchants trading agricultural goods.
(5) Whereas the story citing the turmoil relayed that "Grave disorders throughout southern Russia" were being recounted by refugees arriving at the Bessarabian frontier, the last of the articles above informed readers that,
The working hypothesis is that when there is a common religious affiliation, it normally is quite strong, even if there are also other elements included for describing cultural identity (ethnicity, language), they are distinct: in the Bessarabian Orthodox Church there are functional models to manage diversity, based on a tradition of cohabitation with other ethnicities.
The poetic proclivity of Moldovan-born Oleg Woolf is everywhere present in his Bessarabian Stamps, a prose work written in a lyrical style, unrestrained in its use of alliteration and allegory (see WLT, Nov.
When they notice Landsman's car, with its reek of plainclothesman hubris and its inflammatory double-S on the grille, they leave off yelling at one another and give Landsman the Bessarabian fish-eye.