(redirected from Bessarabians)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.
Related to Bessarabians: Bukovina


A region of Moldova and western Ukraine. As the gateway from Russia into the Danube River valley, it was for centuries an invasion route from Asia to Europe. The region became part of Russia in 1812 but declared itself independent in 1918 and later voted for union with Romania, which was forced to cede it to the USSR in 1940.

Bes′sa·ra′bi·an adj. & n.


(Placename) a region in E Europe, mostly in Moldova and Ukraine: long disputed by the Turks and Russians; a province of Romania from 1918 until 1940. Area: about 44 300 sq km (17 100 sq miles)


(ˌbɛs əˈreɪ bi ə)

a region in Moldavia, on the W shore of the Black Sea: formerly part of Romania.
Bes`sa•ra′bi•an, adj., n.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leon was one of the leaders of the world of interlopers in Iasi, being in charge of a fairly numerous and very tough group, and he had approached Radu proposing this match at the request of the Bessarabians because he had many business dealings with them, from weapons through drugs to prostitutes.
Radu kissed Bronco on the muzzle and raised him above his head to the crowd's acclamations; except for the four Bessarabians, each person present had hoped Bronco would be the winner.
Only when he heard the Bessarabians' yawps and saw one of them putting a noose hanging from a long rod around Bronco's neck, like those used by dog catchers, and saw two more Bessarabians with an Uzi machine gun in each hand, did he realize what was going on.
This, however, does not mean that Bessarabians were pro-Jewish or that they condemned violence against Jews.
Probably the bloodiest massacre in which they took part was in the Bessarabian town of Edinet, in which the army and later the gendarmerie executed at least 537 people, almost all of them Jews.
In the Bessarabian Moldovan village of Ghirovo, there was a group of long-term members of the cuzist party who, long before the outbreak of war, constituted a hotbed of the regional party machinery extending their influence and a network of supporters outside of Ghirovo and into the nearby localities as well.
Regency, Bessarabians and Tibetan patterns are big sellers.
As it turned out, however, the Bessarabians were swallowed up in the political intrigues and back-room deals which characterised Romanian politics in the interwar period.
Shortly thereafter, the Bessarabian lands were carved up, with portions in the north and the south going to Ukraine, while the remainder was united with a strip of land east of the Dnestr (a region known as 'Transnistria') to form the 'Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic'.
Even though the languages spoken in Bucharest and Chisinau (the Bessarabian capital) were merely regional variants of the same standard Romanian, the Cyrillic script was introduced in Moldova and the 'Moldovan' language declared wholly separate from Romanian.
That these Bessarabians had the guts to do what they did on his grounds, especially when they knew him, his strength, and his power, both financial and the number of soldiers he commanded, plus his connections in the world of interlopers, caused a sense of emptiness in Leon's stomach, which gave him a knot in the throat.
In the middle of the garden, lying lifeless, were the bodies of two pit bulls, a male and a female, which the Bessarabians had left unchained to guard the yard.