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A method for making steel by blasting compressed air through molten iron to burn out excess carbon and impurities.
[After Sir Henry Bessemer.]
1. (Metallurgy) (formerly) a process for producing steel by blowing air through molten pig iron at about 1250°C in a Bessemer converter: silicon, manganese, and phosphorus impurities are removed and the carbon content is controlled
2. (Metallurgy) a similar process for removing sulphur and iron from copper matte
[C19: named after Sir Henry Bessemer (1813–98), English engineer]
a process of producing steel in which impurities are removed by forcing air through molten iron in a refractory-lined metal container (Bes′semer convert`er).
A method for making steel by forcing compressed air through molten iron to burn out carbon and other impurities.
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|Noun||1.||Bessemer process - an industrial process for making steel using a Bessemer converter to blast air through molten iron and thus burning the excess carbon and impurities; the first successful method of making steel in quantity at low cost|
industrial process - a systematic series of mechanical or chemical operations that produce or manufacture something
steel production - making steel from pig iron