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A method for making steel by blasting compressed air through molten iron to burn out excess carbon and impurities.
[After Sir Henry Bessemer.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Metallurgy) (formerly) a process for producing steel by blowing air through molten pig iron at about 1250°C in a Bessemer converter: silicon, manganese, and phosphorus impurities are removed and the carbon content is controlled
2. (Metallurgy) a similar process for removing sulphur and iron from copper matte
[C19: named after Sir Henry Bessemer (1813–98), English engineer]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
a process of producing steel in which impurities are removed by forcing air through molten iron in a refractory-lined metal container (Bes′semer convert`er).
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A method for making steel by forcing compressed air through molten iron to burn out carbon and other impurities.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||Bessemer process - an industrial process for making steel using a Bessemer converter to blast air through molten iron and thus burning the excess carbon and impurities; the first successful method of making steel in quantity at low cost|
industrial process - a systematic series of mechanical or chemical operations that produce or manufacture something
steel production - making steel from pig iron
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