Some - known as the Beta Israel
- preserved their Jewish identity despite harsh persecution, while others - often known as Falash Mura - were forcibly converted to Christianity, in some cases practicing Judaism secretly.
The Beta Israel
, as Ethiopian Jews are known, believe themselves to be descendants of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, or else descendants of the lost tribe of Dan.
For years, the only migration policy applied by Israel governed the arrival and absorption of Jews immigrating to the country (including the Beta Israel
or Falasha Jews from Ethiopia).
Son los llamados Beta Israel
, mas conocidos como falashas o falashmoras, palabras que significan exiliado o emigrado.
The band is conceived as a microcosm of the entire Beta Israel
community (House of Israel, the self-referential term used by the Ethiopian Jews) that immigrated to Israel in several waves ca.
In short, the Beta Israel
have proved one of the more difficult groups to assimilate.
Seeman started research on the Beta Israel
community in 1989, conducted research in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in the summers of 1992 and 1993 and in Israel between 1994 and 1996, and concentrated on Jerusalem and Haifa, including immigrant absorption centers, between 1998 and 2003.
The Falasha, or Beta Israel
, also known as Ethiopia's 'black Jews', live in the Simien mountains although the majority have resettled in Israel.
Speaking in the first person, Wuditu describes her life as a member of Beta Israel
, a Jewish Ethiopian community formed 1700 years ago.
A similar modernizing effort, documented in Shelemey's essay ("Echoes from beyond Europe: Music and the Beta Israel
Transformation"), led to the complete eradication of an ancient tradition.
In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, November 2001, I showed up at the gates of the compound of the Beta Israel
people (disparagingly known as falashas), the Ethiopian Jews.
Pollack precipitated the crisis leading to Operation Solomon when, in February 1990, without consulting any government, she arranged to transport the majority of Beta Israel
from the remote Gondar province to the capital.