beta cell

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beta cell

n.
1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

be′ta cell`


n.
a cell in the islets of Langerhans that produces and secretes insulin.
[1925–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.beta cell - a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
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References in periodicals archive ?
People with diabetes have a shortage of beta-cells, which make insulin.
Grover, "Encapsulation and fluidization maintains the viability and glucose sensitivity of beta-cells," ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, vol.
Maechler, "The sensitivity of pancreatic beta-cells to mitochondrial injuries triggered by lipotoxicity and oxidative stress," Biochemical Society Transactions, vol.
Regazzi et al., "Low lactate dehydrogenase and high mitochondrial glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase in pancreatic beta-cells. Potential role in nutrient sensing," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Glucokinase as glucose sensor and metabolic signal generator in pancreatic beta-cells and hepatocytes.
Adult pancreatic beta-cells are formed by self-duplication rather than stem-cell differentiation.
Moreover, they assessed the graft islet mass by PET imaging which is not specific for beta-cells because [[sup.18]F]FHBG was taken up by islets instead of beta-cells.
Thanks to previous research, they knew that when the insulin pathway is blocked in the liver, there's some process that induces the pancreas to make more insulin-secreting beta-cells in response.
Pancreatic beta-cells are principally responsible for the transcription of the gene encoding insulin and the subsequent processing and secretion of insulin in response to increases in extracellular glucose concentrations [1].
The role of AMPK and mTOR in nutrient sensing in pancreatic beta-cells. J Biol Chem.