lacking of cell wall, target of betalactam antibiotics
and vancomycin, the most common and appropriate medication for urogenital infections caused by mycoplasmas depends upon tetracyclines, macrolides, and quinolones (15,27).
MRSA resistance mechanisms include expression of altered penicillin-binding proteins, which have a reduced affinity for betalactam antibiotics
. MRSA isolates may also be resistant to macrolides, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and clindamycin.
The emergence of resistance to betalactam antibiotics
due to production of betalactamases in the past two decades has resulted in a major clinical crisis.
intermedius appears to be sensitive to betalactam antibiotics
, though some cases of resistance have been reported .
Multiple resistance to betalactam antibiotics
, azithromycin or moxifloxacin in implant associated bacteria.
[Recommended dosage adaptation based on renal function is not always sufficient to avoid betalactam antibiotics
Bados-Albiero et al., "Allergy to betalactam antibiotics
in children: results of a 20-year study based on clinical history, skin and challenge tests," Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol.