Emily Davis of First Congregational Church of Crystal Lake, Jack Lazzara of the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of DeKalb representing earth centered spirituality and paganism, Vimala Bhikkuni
from the Blue Lotus Temple in Woodstock representing Buddhism, and Jack Minsley of Congregation Tikkun Olam representing Judaism.
, even the most senior, were required to bow down in front of monks, even newly-ordained ones (Collett, 2006).
Venerable Thi Dam Hue, Head Bhikkuni
of Ling Thong Pagoda thanked the Ambassador for his presence with her people in their local Pagoda.
(3) For surveys of these eight rules see, e.g., Analayo ("Women's" 82-6), Cheng (Buddhist 83-100), Chung ("Gurudhamma"), Chung ("Ursprung" 13), Heirman ("Gurudharma"), Heirman ("Some Remarks" 34-43), Hirakawa (notes to 49-95), Horner (Women 118-61), Husken ("Eight"), Husken ("Legend" 46-58), Husken (Vorschriften 346-60), Kusuma (Da sasil 29-32), Nagata (283f), Nolot (397-405), Salgado, Sujato (Bhikkuni
51-81) and Waldschmidt (118-21).
Desde os primordios, os budistas organizaram--se em quatro grupos: os monges (bhikkhu), as monjas (bhikkuni
), os fieis leigos (apasaka) e as fieis leigas (upasika).
(69) Ingrid Jordt, 'Bhikkuni
, Thilashin, Mae-Chii: Women who renounce the world in Burma, Thailand and the classical Pali Buddhist texts', Crossroads, Special Burma studies issue, 4, 1 (1988): 31-9; Ingrid Jordt, 'The mass lay meditation movement and state--society relations in post-independence Burma' (Ph.D.
The following chapters trace the creation of a tradition (Chapter Three), the development of the Nuns' Order under the charismatic Dhammawati (Chapter Four), the changes among the Buddhist laity (Chapter Five), the question of educating the monks' (Chapter Six), the status of the nuns and the controversy over Bhikkuni
Ordination (Chapter Seven), and finally the changes brought about by increased interest in Buddhist Meditation and Social Activism (Chapter Eight).
Accordingly a committee was appointed at the Sri Keerthi Vihara, Nagaramandap resulting in the entire Buddhaka Niyaka being translated into Newari with the participation of Nayaka Theras, Venerable Gnanasena and Bodhisena, Bhikkuni
Uppalawanna and lay Buddhist scholars Dharmaratne Shakya and Bhavanlal Pradhan under the direction of Ven.
Unlike the formally ordained bhikkuni
who observe the 311 monastic precepts, Thai Buddhist women practitioners commonly become mae chi, who have their heads shaven, don white robes and regularly keep the eight precepts designated for pious lay people doing short-term ascetic practice in a temple.
With special invitation to Dhammananda Bhikkuni
from Thailand, Songdharmakalyani Temple who has taken the lineage from Sri Lanka and a disciple of the Abbess of Sri Tusitaramaya.
there would be no female monks (bhikkuni
) within 500 years after his death.
(19) The order of ordained women (bhikkuni
) was apparently never established in Thailand, and the Buddhist 'nuns' mentioned by seventeenth-century French visitors to the Thai capital of Ayutthaya were in fact 'lay women in white' or mae chii, usually old women whose main function was serving the monks.