dinner roasts, reminding me that Chaucer's curteis Squier biforn
Curteys he was, lowly, and servisable, And carf biforn
his fader at the table.
First, three living rioters set and drynke in a tavern (VI.663), where they are interrupted by the ringing of a bell Biforn
a cors being caned to his grave (665).
Thus when Havelok reiterates the event in his prayer to Christ, he says, 'pat Ich saw biforn
min eyne slo / Mine sistres with a knif' (1365-66, my emphasis).
"O Dame," he seyd biforn
, "O[??]ain mi godes pou art forsworn, Wip ri[??]t resoun y preue: pe childe pat is here of be born Bope lim & lif it is forlorn Alle purth hi fals bileue (577-594).
A womman in travaillynge was hir biforn
; But for hir child so longe was unborn, Ful pitously Lucyna gan she calle, And seyde, "Help, for thou mayst best of alle!" (2075-2086)
Whan [??]at this tarter kyng Cambyuskan Roos fro his bord | ther as he sat ful hye Biforn
hym gooth | the loude Mynstralcye Til he cam | to his chambre of parementz There as ther sownen | diuerse Instrumentz (V.
While I have argued elsewhere that Chaucer's Shipman's Tale is far more ambivalent about its satire on merchandise than most critics have claimed, (39) it also shares the eminently practical, if symbolically complicated association of merchants with moneybags: the merchant in that tale "His bookes and his bagges many oon / He leith biforn
hym on his countyng-bord.
This is a senseless universe of violence, culminating in the final image Chaucer places at the base of the statue of Mars: "A wolf ther stood biforn
hym at his feet / With eyen rede, and of a man he eet" (2047-48).
In the General Prologue, the narrator observes that the Pardoner seems to be "a geldying or a mare." (18) The Pardoner cradles such false relics as sheep and pig bones "biforn
hym in his lappe" (line 686).
A prolog for more declaracioun of [thorn]ingis [thorn]at gone biforn
. This litil copilacioun bigynne[thorn] wi[thorn] preier, and folowinge next is bileeue, and aftir [thorn]at ben [thorn]e comaundementis of God but schortli declarid.
'Hastow nat herd hou saved was Noe, Whan that oure Lord hadde warned hym biforn
That all the world with water sholde be lorn?' 'Yis,' quod this Carpenter, 'ful yoore ago'.