The STM was invented at IBM Zrich by Gerd Binnig
and Heinrich Rohrer in 1981; they received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work in 1986.
, vice president/head of development & technology for Autefa."Given the number of nonwoven manufacturers in China, this is by far the biggest potential for selling needle looms," he says.
AFM was developed in 1986 by Binnig
and colleagues  and commercial AFMs began to appear in the early 1990s .
, "X-ray computed tomography: semi-automated volumetric analysis of late-stage lung tumors as a basis for response assessments," Journal of Biomedical Imaging, vol.
At the time, Joachim Binnig
, head of technology development, reported the company had very good feedback on the technology.
Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig
, in 1981; Nobel Prize, in 1986./ Hajnrih Rorer i Gerd Binig, 1981.
Premio Nobel de Fisica por su Heinrich Rohrer diseno del microscopio de efecto tunel.
German Gerd Binnig
and Swiss Heinrich Rohrer were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for their invention in 1986.
AFM arose in 1986 for use as a microscope to directly image the surface morphology with atomic and molecular resolution (BINNIG
et al., 1986).
Zurich by Gerd Binnig
and Heinrich Rohrer, for which they shared the
Maturana, Varela, Binnig
, Laszlo, Lorenz, Prigogine, Moraes, Capra, Briggs, Pribram, Wilber, Bohm, Roger Ciurana, D'Ambrosio, Nicolescu, Zukav, May, Damasio, Lipton, Servan-Schreiber, Otros.
developed by Professor Gerd Binnig
, the 1986 Nobel Laureate in Physics,