ecology

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e·col·o·gy

 (ĭ-kŏl′ə-jē)
n. pl. e·col·o·gies
1.
a. The science of the relationships between organisms and their environments.
b. The relationship between organisms and their environment.

[German Ökologie : Greek oikos, house; see weik- in Indo-European roots + German -logie, study (from Greek -logiā, -logy).]

ec′o·log′i·cal (ĕk′ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl, ē′kə-), ec′o·log′ic (-ĭk) adj.
ec′o·log′i·cal·ly adv.
e·col′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ecology

(ɪˈkɒlədʒɪ)
n
1. (Environmental Science) the study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment
2. (Environmental Science) the set of relationships of a particular organism with its environment
3. (Sociology) the study of the relationships between human groups and their physical environment
Also called (for senses 1, 2): bionomics
[C19: from German Ökologie, from Greek oikos house (hence, environment)]
eˈcologist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

e•col•o•gy

(ɪˈkɒl ə dʒi)

n.
1. the branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions between organisms and their environment.
2. the set of relationships existing between organisms and their environment.
3. Also called human ecology. the branch of sociology concerned with the spacing and interdependence of people and institutions.
4. the advocacy of protection of the air, water, and other natural resources from pollution or its effects; environmentalism.
[1870–75; earlier oecology < German Ökologie (1868) < Greek oîk(os) house + -o- -o- + German -logie -logy]
ec•o•log•i•cal (ˌɛk əˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl, ˌi kə-) ec`o•log′ic, adj.
ec`o•log′i•cal•ly, adv.
e•col′o•gist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

e·col·o·gy

(ĭ-kŏl′ə-jē)
1. The scientific study of the relationships between living things and their environments.
2. A system of such relationships: the fragile ecology of the desert.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ecology, oecology

1. the branch of biology that studies the relations between plants and animals and their environment. Also called bionomics, bionomy.
2. the branch of sociology that studies the environmental spacing and interdependence of people and institutions, as in rural or in urban settings. — ecologist, oecologist, n.ecological, oecological, adj.ecologically, oecologically, adv.
See also: Biology
1. the branch of biology that studies the relationship of organisms and environments. Also called bionomics, bionomy.
2. the branch of sociology that studies the environmental spacing and interdependence of people and their institutions, as in rural or urban settings. — ecologist, oecologist, n. — ecologie, oecologic, ecological, oecological, adj.
See also: Environment
the branch of sociology that studies the environmental spacing and interdependence of people and their institutions. — ecologist, oecologist, n.ecologie, oecologic, ecological, oecological, adj.
See also: Society
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ecology

1. The study of the relationships between living organisms and their environment.
2. Study of the relationships between living things and their enviroment.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ecology - the environment as it relates to living organismsecology - the environment as it relates to living organisms; "it changed the ecology of the island"
environment - the totality of surrounding conditions; "he longed for the comfortable environment of his living room"
2.ecology - the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environmentecology - the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
palaeoecology, paleoecology - the branch of ecology that studies ancient ecology
biotic community, community - (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other
association - (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species
food chain - (ecology) a community of organisms where each member is eaten in turn by another member
food pyramid - (ecology) a hierarchy of food chains with the principal predator at the top; each level preys on the level below
food cycle, food web - (ecology) a community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
ecesis, establishment - (ecology) the process by which a plant or animal becomes established in a new habitat
ecological succession, succession - (ecology) the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
ecological niche, niche - (ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)
cosmopolitan, widely distributed - growing or occurring in many parts of the world; "a cosmopolitan herb"; "cosmopolitan in distribution"
endemic - native to or confined to a certain region; "the islands have a number of interesting endemic species"
eutrophic - (ecology) of a lake or other body of water rich in nutrients and subject to eutrophication
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

ecology

noun environment, conditions, situation, scene, surroundings, context, habitat the effects of changes in climate on the coastal ecology
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
عِلْمُ البِيئَةعِلْم البيئَه
екология
ecologia
ekologie
økologi
ekologio
ekologia
ekologija
ökológia
ecologia
ekologi
vistfræîi
生態学
생태학
oecologia
ekologijaekologinisekologiškaiekologas
ekoloģija
ecologie
životné prostredie
ekologija
ekologijaекологија
ekologi
นิเวศวิทยา
çevrebilimçevrebilimiekologi
екологія
sinh thái học

ecology

[ɪˈkɒlədʒɪ]
A. Necología f
B. CPD ecology movement Nmovimiento m ecologista
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

ecology

[ɪˈkɒlədʒi] nécologie fe-commerce ecommerce [ˈiːkɒmɜːrs] ncommerce m électronique
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

ecology

nÖkologie f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

ecology

[ɪˈkɒlədʒɪ] necologia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

ecology

(iˈkolədʒi) noun
(the study of) living things considered in relation to their environment. Pollution has a disastrous effect on the ecology of a region.
eˈcologist noun
ˌecoˈlogical (iː-) adjective
ˌecoˈlogically adverb
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

ecology

عِلْمُ البِيئَة ekologie økologi Ökologie οικολογία ecología ekologia écologie ekologija ecologia 生態学 생태학 ecologie økologi ekologia ecologia экология ekologi นิเวศวิทยา çevrebilim sinh thái học 生态
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

e·col·o·gy

n. ecología, estudio de plantas y animales en relación con el ambiente.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The lucrative production of vegetables throughout the globe is threatened by large number of biotic factors including plant-parasitic nematodes (Hussain et al., 2016; Kayani et al., 2017, 2018; Khan et al., 2017; Mukhtar et al., 2017a, b, 2018; Tariq-Khan et al., 2017).
Producers are well aware of the a-biotic constraints such as level of moisture and location of the field but they are not trained to assess the role of biotic factors in low yield.
Antiseptic, Antibiotic, Disinfectant, Bactericidal and Vermifuge: They have very good antiseptic and antibiotic properties, and do not let biotic infections (infections due to biotic factors, such as bacteria, fungi etc.) develop.
Range expansion may continue as long as there is suitable available contiguous habitat, biotic factors such as competition with native species are not a limiting factor, and physical factors such as temperature or elevation do not make an area unsuitable for habitation, as found by Geluso (2004) and Goheen et al.
Like all insects, the citrus leaf miner is subject to a number of abiotic and biotic factors that play a role in regulating the size of its populations.
What factors might be explaining this difference--life history, intrinsic population regulation, extrinsic biotic factors (predation, competition, etc.), or extrinsic abiotic ones (i.e., rainfall)?
Interdependence of Life examines the interactions between organisms and the environments in which they liveEarth spheres, ecosystems, abiotic factors, biotic factors, populations characteristics, limiting factors, and carrying capacityas well as species relationships.
During2011 Potato crop produced 3726.5 thousand tons on 127.7 thousand hectares area which is comparatively low rather than other potato growing countries due to different biotic and a biotic factors. Fungus bacteria (Ashraf et al.
The notion, in the 5th grade, is that the ecosystem as a set of abiotic and biotic factors while in other grades the emphasis is on interdependence and mutual influence.
Both abiotic and biotic factors act concurrently over spatial and temporal scales to govern the distribution and abundance of species (Resh, 1988; Moyle and Light, 1996; Grossman et al., 1998; Magoulick, 2000; Jackson et al., 2001; Comita et al., 2009).
In this review some of the biotic and abiotic factors that will be studied simultaneously include drought, flooding, frost, heavy metals and wind as abiotic factors, and infection by plant pathogens (rusts, wilts, smuts, viruses, etc.), herbivores (including miners, gallers, aphids, chewers, seed parasites), and pollinators as biotic factors.