Birobidzhan

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Birobidzhan

(Russian birəbidˈʒan) or

Birobijan

n
1. (Placename) a city in SE Russia: capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Pop: 77 250 (2002)
2. (Placename) another name for the Jewish Autonomous Region

Bi•ro•bi•dzhan

or Bi•ro•bi•jan

(ˌbɪr oʊ bɪˈdʒɑn)

n.
the capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region, in E Siberia, in the SE Russian Federation in Asia, W of Khabarovsk. 82,000.
References in periodicals archive ?
arrived we a bottle of the party At one point the dancefloor transformed into scenes from a Romanian wedding with the entire floor breaking out into Balkan dance moves to The Austin Klezmoirim's Birobidjan.
After Stalin's death, it was also revealed that Stalin had wanted to deport Russia's Jews to Birobidjan, a remote part of Siberia, near China's northeastern border, almost 5,000 miles east of Moscow, according to P.K.
The author offers a narrative reconstruction of how the Association for Jewish Colonization in Soviet Russia (ICOR), founded in 1924 and composed primarily of first and second generation Yiddish-speaking Jews of East European origin, and the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan (Ambijan), "founded in 1934 as a popular front group catering to native-born, English-speaking, middle-class Jews," described and understood their own activities, as seen through their own written accounts and perspectives found in their newspapers' news stories, editorials, belles lettres, poems, organizational notices, advertisements, brief notices, and other materials.
As Henry Srebrnik demonstrates in Dreams of Nationhood: American Jewish Communists and the Soviet Birobidzhan Project, 1924-1951 (Academic Studies, August), based on extensive research in Yiddish archives, American groups like ICOR and the American Birobidjan Committee supported the Soviet project, ideologically and with their cash.
This was especially true in Nailebn, the monthly periodical of the ICOR (Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union), which advocated for Jewish settlement in the Soviet Jewish Autonomous Region, Birobidjan. For example, in the editorial from Nailebn in January 1938, celebrating the 10th anniversary of Birobidjan, the author claimed, "Ten years of Birobidjan is a monumental achievement, which emphasizes all the more the exemplary work of the Soviet Union in the realm of solving the Jewish question." (60)
Khabarovsk also is located near Birobidjan, the capital city of the remote Jewish Autonomous Oblast (Republic).
Nor would the Soviets allow the revival of Yiddish newspapers, since there already was one issued in Birobidjan. Jews wanting to read it could subscribe, just as Ukrainians, Georgians, and Armenians throughout the USSR could access newspapers in their own languages from their respective homelands and republics.
Birobidjan? (This was Stalin's Jewish autonomous region near Siberia, the anti-imperialist answer to Zionism.)
In some parts of Russia (Ingushetia in European Russia, Birobidjan in the Far East), peasant farmers produce more than the corporate farms.
"Mikhoels died in a car accident," my father retorted, "and Fefer and the others are busy building Birobidjan, the Jewish homeland in the Soviet Union."
They have no mommies or daddies." That was what the children of the Sunday school at Westmount Church in London, Ont., said when they heard the story about the children in the orphanage in Birobidjan, Russia.
I have personal memories of my aunt, a Labor Zionist and close friend of Golda Meir, Eliezer Kaplan, Levi Eshkol, and others of Israel's founding fathers and mothers in the 1920s and 1930s, who in those same years fought against the Jewish Communists in Minneapolis who were touting the Communist Potemkin-like Jewish "homeland" of Birobidjan as their more progressive alternative to Zionism.