bitumen

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bi·tu·men

 (bĭ-to͞o′mən, -tyo͞o′-, bī-)
n.
Any of various flammable mixtures of relatively nonvolatile hydrocarbons that occur naturally or are obtained by fractional distillation of petroleum. Bitumens are used for paving, roofing, and waterproofing. Also called asphalt.

[Middle English, mineral pitch from the Near East, from Latin bitūmen, perhaps of Celtic origin and akin to Welsh bedw, birch trees (a common source of pitch).]

bi·tu′mi·noid′ (-mə-noid′) adj.

bitumen

(ˈbɪtjʊmɪn)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) any of various viscous or solid impure mixtures of hydrocarbons that occur naturally in asphalt, tar, mineral waxes, etc: used as a road surfacing and roofing material
2. (Elements & Compounds) the constituents of coal that can be extracted by an organic solvent
3. (Chemistry) any liquid suitable for coating aggregates
4. (Civil Engineering) the bitumen
a. Austral and NZ informal any road with a bitumen surface
b. (capital) Austral informal the road in the Northern Territory between Darwin and Alice Springs
5. (Art Terms) a transparent brown pigment or glaze made from asphalt
[C15: from Latin bitūmen, perhaps of Celtic origin]
bituminous adj

bi•tu•men

(baɪˈtu mən, -ˈtyu-, bɪ-, ˈbɪtʃ ʊ-)

n.
1. any of various natural substances, as asphalt, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons.
2. (formerly) an asphalt of Asia Minor used as cement and mortar.
[1425–75; late Middle English bithumen < Latin bitūmen]
bi•tu′mi•noid`, adj.

bi·tu·men

(bĭ-to͞o′mən)
Any of various flammable mixtures of hydrocarbons and other substances found in asphalt and tar. Bitumens occur naturally or are produced from petroleum and coal.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bitumen - any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
tar, pitch - any of various dark heavy viscid substances obtained as a residue
Translations
قار، زِفْت، قَطْران
živice
asfaltbeg
bitumen
jarîbik
bitumasbituminis
bitumens

bitumen

[ˈbɪtjʊmɪn] Nbetún m

bitumen

[ˈbɪtʃʊmɪn] nbitume m

bitumen

nBitumen nt

bitumen

[ˈbɪtjʊmɪn] nbitume m

bitter

(ˈbitə) adjective
1. having a sharp, acid taste like lemons etc, and sometimes unpleasant. a bitter orange.
2. full of pain or sorrow. She learned from bitter experience; bitter disappointment.
3. hostile. full of hatred or opposition: bitter enemies.
4. very cold. a bitter wind.
ˈbitterness noun
ˈbitterly adverb
bitterly disappointed; bitterly cold.
bittergourd noun
a long, fleshy, bitter-tasting fruit usually used as a vegetable.
bitumen (ˈbitjumin) noun
a black, sticky substance obtained from petroleum.
biˈtuminous (-ˈtjuːmi-) adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Gazpromneft-Bitumen Materials, operator of the Gazprom Neft bitumens business, achieved sales of more than 100,000 tonnes of high-tech modified bitumen and bitumen-derivative products in 1H 2019, with sales of premium products up 37-percent year-on-year.
As part of its strategy for developing its bitumens business Gazprom Neft continues to strengthen cooperation with Russias regions, entering into agreements with local governments in the Kursk, Kurgan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk and Smolensk Oblasts in the first half of this year.
Gokhman, "Bitumens, bitumen-polymer binders, asphalt concrete, polymeric asphalt concrete, study guide" (Russian), p.
[24] GOST 22245-90, "Viscous petroleum road bitumens. Specifications," 1991.
Bitumens originating from petroleum may be actively or passively modified.
The present work is aimed at formulating synthetic bitumens from reprocessed and reused materials that can be used as one of the components of asphalt paving cement and performing the rheological characterization to determine its potential as one of the asphalt components.
[10] Rogers, "Significance of reservoir bitumens to thermal maturation studies, Western Canada Basin," AAPG, vol.
In order to get longer periods between repairs and to reduce the total cost of road pavements polymer modified bitumens (PMBs) as new bituminous materials have to be developed.
In addition, there is a separate specification for unmodified bituminous binder (EN 12591 (2009) Specifications for Paving Grade Bitumen) and for polymer modified bituminous binders (EN 14023 (2010) Bitumen and Bituminous Binders--Specification Framework for Polymer Modified Bitumens).
Considering a huge territory of the Russian Federation, characterized by a wide range of operating temperatures, one of the ways to increase the transport and operational performance of pavements is to modify bitumen with different polymeric additives in order to extend the temperature range of reliable performance of asphalt concrete pavements.
Polymer modified bitumen; properties and characterisation.