Black Death


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Black Death

n.
An outbreak of virulent plague, especially its bubonic form, that killed large numbers of people throughout Europe and much of Asia in the 14th century.

[Ultimately translation of Scandinavian terms for the bubonic plague, such as Swedish (den) svarta döden, (the) black death (possibly in reference to the dark lesions and gangrene caused by bubonic plague, or to the general gloom prevailing during epidemics ) : svart, black + död, death.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Black Death

n
(Historical Terms) the Black Death a form of bubonic plague pandemic in Europe and Asia during the 14th century, when it killed over 50 million people. See bubonic plague
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Black′ Death′


n.
an outbreak of bubonic plague that spread over Europe and Asia in the 14th century and killed an estimated quarter of the population.
[1815–25]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Black Death

A widespread epidemic of bubonic plague that occurred in several outbreaks between 1347 and 1400. It originated in Asia and then swept through Europe, where it killed about a third of the population.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Black Death

The name given to the form of bubonic plague that caused widespread death throughout Europe in the 14th century.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Black Death - the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western EuropeBlack Death - the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
bubonic plague, glandular plague, pestis bubonica - the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin; does not spread from person to person
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
موت أسود
черна смърт
pesta Negra
den sorte død
Beulenpestschwarzer Tod
must surm
musta surma
peste noire
המוות השחור
doba kuge
Kematian Hitam
svarti dauði
peste nera
ペスト
흑사병
juodoji mirtis
melnā nāve
Zwarte Dood
czarna śmierć
peste negra
moartea neagră
mor
črna smrt
crna smrtцрна смрт
digerdöden
kara ölüm
References in classic literature ?
Then came a terrible disease called the Black Death, slaying young and old, rich and poor, until nearly half the people in the land were dead.
'prentice to him at Lymington in the year of the Black Death. But who are you, young sir?"
Curses on your head, and black death on your heart, you imp!
The man who was immune to yellow fever was carried away by cholera; and if he were immune to that, too, the Black Death, which was the bubonic plague, swept him away.
Their groping efforts to better their condition received strong stimulus also from the ravages of the terrible Black Death, a pestilence which, sweeping off at its first visitation, in 1348, at least half the population, and on two later recurrences only smaller proportions, led to a scarcity of laborers and added strength to their demand for commutation of personal services by money-payments and for higher wages.
These were destroyed by their own hands and passed to the dank house of chill Hades, and left no name: terrible though they were, black Death seized them, and they left the bright light of the sun.
There was a black death in the 14th century but not this scale," he said.
After a brilliant synthetic essay on Trecento Venice, Tenenti returns to his earlier concern with death in the Renaissance with a discussion of the Black Death and its political, economic, and cultural effects on Venice in the second half of the fourteenth century.
A former Durham University astronomy student has warned that a passing comet may have indirectly led to the Black Death.
Of particular note is his 1896 book The Black Death, which stitches together the historical event of the plague and folklore, its visuals sliding around some uneasy place between the innocence of children's book illustration and the sublime austerity of Caspar David Friedrich.
Dyer shows how major events like the Black Death epidemic of 1348-50 and relatively minor events such as Nicholas Symond - a spurrier - demanding higher wages both have an impact on shaping modern Britain.
Consider that the worst catastrophe in Western history in the last thousand years, in terms of human mortality -- the bubonic plague pandemic in Europe, also known as the "Black Death" -- probably resulted from germ warfare.