Black Flags

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1.An organization composed originally of Chinese rebels that had been driven into Tonkin by the suppression of the Taiping rebellion, but later increased by bands of pirates and adventurers. It took a prominent part in fighting the French during their hostilities with Anam, 1873-85.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in classic literature ?
And at the zenith of his fame, how he would suddenly appear at the old village and stalk into church, brown and weather-beaten, in his black velvet doublet and trunks, his great jack-boots, his crimson sash, his belt bristling with horse-pistols, his crime-rusted cut- lass at his side, his slouch hat with waving plumes, his black flag unfurled, with the skull and crossbones on it, and hear with swelling ecstasy the whisperings, "It's Tom Sawyer the Pirate!
The HISPANIOLA still lay where she had anchored; but, sure enough, there was the Jolly Roger--the black flag of piracy --flying from her peak.
The new era began; the king was tried, doomed, and beheaded; the Republic of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death, declared for victory or death against the world in arms; the black flag waved night and day from the great towers of Notre Dame; three hundred thousand men, summoned to rise against the tyrants of the earth, rose from all the varying soils of France, as if the dragon's teeth had been sown broadcast, and had yielded fruit equally on hill and plain, on rock, in gravel, and alluvial mud, under the bright sky of the South and under the clouds of the North, in fell and forest, in the vineyards and the olive-grounds and among the cropped grass and the stubble of the corn, along the fruitful banks of the broad rivers, and in the sand of the sea-shore.
But as he did not think of giving this order till five hours after the event--that is to say, till two o'clock in the afternoon--two vessels had already left the port, the one bearing, as we know, Milady, who, already anticipating the event, was further confirmed in that belief by seeing the black flag flying at the masthead of the admiral's ship.
And on the fore part of the platform Captain Nemo unfurled a black flag, similar to the one he had placed at the South Pole.
Upon the ocean of commerce it sailed as a pirate ship; it had hoisted the black flag and declared war upon civilization.
The participants, who had holding black flags and banners regarding Kashmir issue, marched on different roads and chanted slogans against Indian atrocities in Indian Occupied Kashmir
They were carrying black flags and wearing black bands on arms.
Summary: Madurai (Tamil Nadu) [India], Jan 27 (ANI): EeHolding black flags, black balloons and banners, the opposition MDMK staged demonstrations in Madurai on Sunday against Prime Minister Narendra Modi who visited the city.
In less than 48 hours, we got hundreds of small black flags stitched and on the morning of the 7th, as people filled the bamboo guarded roadside, black flags were distributed and when the Prime Minister took the road show, a sea of black flags were fluttering as they were waved left and right and high as far as the arm can stretch sideways, front and upward.
The story in this chapter focuses on suspicion among the French of the Vietnamese court in Hue concerning its collaboration with the Black Flags. It culminates in open conflict and French armed encroachment into Tonkin.
Summary: Protests were also held with black flags and placards throughout Tamil Nadu