"The structure is the home to a protected species - the black-legged kittiwake
. Though the presence of the birds is a significant challenge in developing the building (especially in the nesting season), the applicant has sought expert advice on mitigations to the impact of the uses on the birdlife."
We tested the cross-amplification of 90 microsatellite primer pairs developed for other closely species within the Charadriiformes: nine on Saunders's Gull Larus saundersi (Jiang et al., 2011), 22 on Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea (Yannic et al., 2011), seven on Red-billed Gull Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus (Given et al., 2002), six on Herring Gull Larus argentatus (Gregory and Quinn, 2005), five on American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus (Crochet et al., 2003), seven on Black-legged Kittiwake
Rissa tridactyla (Verkuil et al., 2009), 31 on Little Terns Sternula albifrons (Noreikiene et al., 2012) and three on Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii (Szczys et al., 2005) for variability in Relict Gull.
The most common species are little auk, black-legged kittiwake
and northern fulmar.
These include species such as the European Turtle-dove, which uses Cyprus as a stopover during migration, but also as a breeding ground, the Meadow Pipit, many of which can be seen in winter in Cyprus, the Black-legged Kittiwake
, another accidental visitor to Cyprus, and the Common Pochard, also a visitor.
I used a climbing rope or ladder to access 225 Red-legged Kittiwake nest sites and 203 Black-legged Kittiwake
nest sites at 20 sampling plots on St.
Now the black-legged kittiwake
bird has been added to that list.
In this paper, we use the Black-legged Kittiwake
(Rissa tridactyla), a cliff-nesting seabird, to test some of these assumptions and predictions.
For example, in a study of the Black-legged Kittiwake
Rissa tridactyla, Hatch and Hatch (1990) found no relationship between the variation in clutch size and the variation in reproductive output, suggesting that, at the time of egg-laying, the female has small possibilities of regulating clutch size according to future breeding conditions.
"At least 18 species of gulls have been recorded here including the Iceland, mew, slaty-backed, California, Sabine's, Thayer's, glaucous, ivory, great and lesser black-backed, little, Bonaparte's, and Ross' gulls and black-legged Kittiwake
," says event organizer Burney.
Key words: black-legged kittiwake
, Rissa tridactyla, Arctic, population trend
feeding flocks in Alaska: selfish/reciprocal altruistic flocks?