chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Related to Blue bloater: chronic bronchitis, COPD, emphysema, pneumothorax

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

n. Abbr. COPD
A chronic, progressive lung disease in which there is poor airflow in the lungs, characterized by wheezing, shortness of breath with difficulty exhaling, and cough.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
chronic bronchitis - a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
emphysema, pulmonary emphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
References in periodicals archive ?
This appearance has given rise to the expression "blue bloater." Auscultation may reveal coarse inspiratory crackles as air moves through airways filled with secretions.
To avoid the limitations of the present work, future studies should use computed tomography to detect the presence of emphysema, since our results may be biased by the relative numbers of subjects with "blue bloater" versus "pink puffer" phenotypes [22].
The general appearance of an individual with COPD ranges from normal to the two extremes of 'classic' late COPD, the 'pink puffer' or the 'blue bloater'.