This was documented by Bollandists
, a group named after Jean Bolland, a Jesuit scholar who began publishing the massive 68-folio volumes of 'Acta Sanctorum,' or 'Lives of the Saints,' beginning in 1643.
But in 1891 he joined the Bollandists
, a small group of Jesuits in Antwerp, Belgium, a society founded by Jesuit priest Jean Bolland in the seventeenth century for the critical study and publication of the lives of the saints, with the precise aim of purging the lives of the saints of any apocryphal and legendary details.
It was, moreover, the Catholic Reformation that produced the Bollandists
, the Jesuit group charged with the Herculean task of gathering and assembling the scattered literary remains of medieval sanctity and deploying them in their most recognizable form, the Acta Sanctorum.
I cannot help but liken his work to that of the Bollandists
who examined the lives of the saints critically.
This work was not published by the Bollandists
, but can be found at the Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antique et media atatis under No 6711 (1900-1901).
It is written for specialists in Victorian ecclesiastical history to whom the Gorham Judgment (35) and the Colenso affair are too familiar to require explanation, and who understand the ecclesiology underlying references to Bollandists
, Gladstone's church pamphlets, and the Seventh Ecumenical Council, without needing the details that later emerge to illuminate their implications.
(10) Later in the century Martin roundly rebuked the Belgian Jesuit Bollandists
because they had begun to use critical techniques in their approach to the lives of the saints, in a manner that the general believed undermined the faith of the Church and the pieties of the faithful.
See also Bibliotheea hagiographiea latina (Brussels: Society of Bollandists
, 1898-1899), numbers 8656-69 (hereafter BHL).
(6) Although this life has not yet been published by the Bollandists
and is largely inaccessible, a fifteenth-century account by Bonino Mombrizio recapitulates this material.
These materials were mediated and edited in crucial ways by the seventeenth-century Bollandists
, Jesuits of Leuven and Antwerp who sifted medieval texts to substantiate or reject claims to sainthood in their monumental collection Acta Sanctorum.
Stow, a historian long with the University of Haifa, traces the roots of the 800-year belief in the ritual killing by Jews of Christian children that lie behind histories written by Jesuit Bollandists
of Antwerp, and Louvain during the late 12th and early 13th centuries.