Mystery now surrounds who painted the picture as some expert art historians think it might be a 16th century work, whereas others suggest it may be by an artist of the Bolognese School
Mystery now surrounds who painted the picture as some conservators and expert art historians think that the Haddo Madonna might be a 16th Century work, but perhaps not actually by Raphael, whereas others suggest that it may be by an artist of the Bolognese School
, which was strongly influenced by Raphael.
The most consistent part of the archive--as often in Northern Italy--is represented by late seventeenth- and eighteenth-century music: obviously the music composed by musicians active in the Cathedral, such as Gerolamo Gazzaniga (in service as master and organist between 1727 and 1734), and especially Giovanni Maria Bianchi, Giovanni Sampietro, Raimondo Mei, but also the evidence of the use of polychoral Masses copied from the printing of the Bolognese school
(i.e., Maurizio Cazzati, Giovanni Paolo Colonna, Angelo Antonio Caroli), that witness performing practices like the doppio coro--somewhat confirmed by the presence of the manuscript masses for eight voices by Ambrogio Bissone, a composer from Vercelli.
That she was buried in the same tomb as Guido Reni held symbolic weight, granting her the status of heir and equal to a major protagonist of the Bolognese school
This is not a direct criticism of the editor, but rather an observation concerning the Bolognese school
of musicology, and indeed the Italian and even more generally European approach to the discipline, where performance practice studies are only now beginning to be fully accepted.
Before and after Emiliani the role of Guinizzelli and of the Bolognese school
in the birth of the Stilnovo and its adoption of a characteristic blend of metaphysics and emotions had been neglected in favor of a Florentine perspective that privileged the impact of Guittone (as in de Sanctis and his followers).
Famous in his own time, and knighted by the Aldobrandini Pope Clement VIII as Cavaliere d'Arpino for his decorative work in St Peter's and the Lateran Baptistry, his brightness has been dimmed by the fame of the contemporaneous Bolognese School
and that of Caravaggio, who was for a while his assistant, and to the end esteemed Cesari, taking hints from Cesari's Betrayal of Christ for his own version now in the Dublin National Gallery.