Advantageously, use of high-energy barrier magnets (30-40KT where K is the

Boltzmann constant and T is the operating temperature) not only allows compact stochastic primitives, but also enables the same device to be used as a stable memory element meeting the data retention requirement.

The new definitions will be based on fixed numerical values of the Planck constant (h), the elementary charge (e), the

Boltzmann constant (k), and the Avogadro constant (NA), respectively.

where [k.sub.B] is the

Boltzmann constant, [d.sub.g] is the gas collision diameter, and P is the pressure.

in which [k.sub.B] is the

Boltzmann constant, 1.3805 x [10.sup.-23] J/K; T is the absolute temperature, K; P is the pressure, Pa; and [d.sub.M] is the diameter of the gas molecule, m.

where k is the

Boltzmann constant, y is the potential barrier which impedes the motion of carriers between graphite grains, and T is the temperature.

Where m* is the band-edge effective mass, k is

Boltzmann constant, T is the lattice absolute temperature, h is Plank constant divided by 2, Tu* Tu gives the tunneling probability density of the outgoing electron, F is Fermi energy level, l is energy of the electron associated with longitudinal wave vector of the electron in the conduction band, V is the applied voltage.

where [beta] = 1/[k.sub.B]T, [k.sub.B] = 1.38 x [10.sup.-23] J/K is

Boltzmann constant, and T is the temperature.

where [k.sub.B] is the

Boltzmann constant and [[OMEGA].sub.+] is the microstates of [H.sup.+] only.

where [k.sub.B] is the

Boltzmann constant and [beta] = (1 /[k.sub.B]T).

where p is the pressure and k is the

Boltzmann constant. Determination of plasma gas temperature [T.sub.g] allows to estimate values of Van der Waals and Doppler broadening effect.